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PENGARUH TEKANAN KERJA DAN PENGLIBATAN KERJA TERHADAP PRESTASI KERJA DALAM KALANGAN PEKERJA SEKTOR AWAM SEPANJANG MUSIM PANDEMIK COVID-19

Nurul Hanees Assykiela Mohd Suyuti, Beddu Salam Baco

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 2 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-22

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Job Stress, Job Engagement, Job Performance, Public Sector Employees

Abstract : The COVID-19 pandemic is indeed able to affect the physical and mental health of employees. However, there is still less research related to the relationship between stress and work engagement on employee performance based on the context of this pandemic. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the influence of work stress and work engagement on work performance among public sector workers in Malaysia during the pandemic season. The study data was collected through a quantitative survey approach and the study sample consisted of 150 eligible respondents selected through the snowball sampling method. These three variables were measured using three instruments namely Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), and Individual Work Performance Scale (IWPS) and they were distributed online through a link of Google Form. The data collected will be analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistics Version 28.0 software system. A simple linear regression analysis found that work pressure has a significant and negative relationship with the work performance of public sector employees while work engagement has a significant and positive relationship with the work performance of public sector employees. The results of multiple regression analysis also prove that there is a positive and significant relationship between enthusiasm and task performance. Therefore, this proves that work performance depends on the stress and engagment of employees towards their work. Enthusiasm obtained from people around also contributes to individual work performance. This study is very important for future researchers to identify the causes of work performance deterioration based on stress factors and work engagement.

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URIC ACID LEVEL AND THE MENTAL HEALTH STATUS, DAS TO THE SOCIETIES IN WEST-MELONGUANE, TALAUD

Desi, Rosiana Eva Rayanti, Olivia Karading

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 2 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-22

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Gout disease, Mental Health Status, DAS

Abstract : Gout disease was a crystals accumulation on the joint due to the high level of uric acid. The increase of uric acid might occur due to consuming food with a high purine and alcoholic drink. Besides attacked and gave a negative impact on physical health, gout disease will affect mental health such as psychological and psychosocial as well. The sufferers’ inability to control the pain will affect their mental health such as anxiety, stress, and depression. This study aimed to figure the relationship between the level of uric acid and the mental health status, depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS) of the societies in West-Melonguanese, Talaud. The method was used a quantitative with description correlation design by Pearson Product Moment sample's test from 52 respondents according to the criteria. This study was taken a place in West-Melonguanese. The data were collected through questionnaires of mental health inventory (MHI) and DAS. The result of the correlation test did not show a significant result between the mental health status to the DAS and gout disease in West-Melonguanese, Talaud, seen from the p-value = 0.771, whilst between the DAS and the level of uric acid shows a significant result, seen from the p-value = 0.005. According to this study, can be concluded that there are no significant correlations between mental health status and the level of uric acid, whilst the DAS variable had significant correlations at a low level.

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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REPETITIVE NEGATIVE THINKING, LIFE SATISFACTION AND MENTAL HEALTH AMONG MALAYSIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Rayniesha MR Binti Raymond, Jasmine Adela Mutang

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 1 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-22

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Repetitive Negative Thinking, Life Satisfaction, Mental Health, Depression, Anxiety, University Students

Abstract : As stress, anxiety, and depression are on the rise among university students, it has become increasingly recognized as a public health crisis. This could hinder their achievement in university, relationships, and future career. Hence, this study investigates the relationship between repetitive negative thinking, life satisfaction and mental health among Malaysian university students. A web based cross-sectional study was conducted among 184 (female=129; male=55) Malaysian university students involved in the online cross-sectional study collected via Google Forms. Repetitive negative thing was measured using The Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ). Mental health was ascertained using Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Meanwhile, Satisfaction of Life Scale (SWLS) was used to measure participants’ life satisfaction. The questionnaires used in the study and distributed via Google Form. The results suggest there is a relationship between psychological well-being (depression and anxiety) and subjective life satisfaction towards repetitive negative thinking. Therefore, it is critical to implement prevention and treatment programmers tailored to university students experiencing mental health issues.

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING STYLES AND YOUNG ADOLESCENTS’ EMOTIONAL REGULATION IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Muhammad Fiqry bin Mohd Yazid, Aminuddin Ibrahim bin Lastar

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 1 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-22

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Parenting Styles, Emotional Regulation, Young Adolescents, Cognitive Reappraisal, Expression Suppression

Abstract : Parents’ approach should be linear and compassionate, even though the challenge may change and pattern of thoughts undergo evolution throughout the development of child. The emotional regulation among today’s young adolescents is contingent on parenting styles practiced by parents. Diana Baumrind’s Parenting Styles Model (1966) were used to support the usage of Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) by Buri (1991), and Gross and John’s Emotional Regulation (2003) on describing two components of emotional regulation, which were cognitive reappraisal and expression suppression. A correlational quantitative design was used, where a total of 150 respondents, aged from 15 to 18 years old, living in Peninsular Malaysia, participated in the research, using snowball sampling method. Google Form was used to spread the survey and IBM SPSS Version 27 was used to analyze data obtained. The research found that authoritarian parenting style had greater effect to young adolescent’ emotional regulation. Result indicated that there was a correlation between authoritarian parenting style and young adolescent’s emotional regulation. The research proved that each parenting style affects emotional regulation and development in children, as it helps them prepare for situations when emotions arise, positive or bad. For future research, gender identity and age should be included to find and explore deeper, the relationship between parenting styles and emotional regulation.

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PENGARUH KEPIMPINAN TERHADAP KESELAMATAN DAN KUALITI DI TEMPAT KERJA DALAM KALANGAN PEKERJA DI SEKTOR AWAM DAN SWASTA DI MALAYSIA

Nur Syuhada Binti Nordin, Ismail Maakip

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 2 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-21

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Workplace Quality, Employee Safety, Leadership Influence, Malaysian Public and Private Sector Employees

Abstract : The issue of a person's leadership influence is frequently debated and linked to the attainment of success or benchmarks for some organisations or themselves. Many parties are interested in this issue because Malaysia is a developing country that requires leaders to ensure success is always at an optimal level. As a result, a study was conducted to investigate the impact of leadership on workplace safety and quality among employees in Malaysia's public and private sectors. Respondent information was gathered using research tools such as the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ), and The Occupational Safety and Health Monitoring and Assessment Tool (OSH-MAT), which were distributed via a Google Form questionnaire. The researcher used a random sampling technique to collect information from 150 Malaysian public and private sector workers. According to the results of the regression analysis's inference statistics, both dependent variables are significant and have a linear relationship with the influence of leadership. Regression analysis of the influence of leadership on the quality of work produced by employees at work is positive and significant (F(1,148) = 41.263, p < .05). Regression coefficient (.467, p.05). While the regression analysis for leadership's influence on employee safety at work is negative and significant (F(1,148) = 3.428, p >.05). Regression coefficient (ß = -.150, p > .05). In conclusion, the influence of leadership has a very strong impact on the quality of work produced by employees at work and the safety of employees at work in the public and private sectors in Malaysia.

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HEALTH BELIEF AND MENTAL HEALTH STATUS OF PATIENTS WITH HYPERTENSION IN MELONGUANE, TALAUD ISLAND

Rosiana Eva Rayanti, Desi, Ervin Agustin Tani

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 2 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-20

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Health Belief, Hypertension, Mental Health Status

Abstract : According to the Central Bureau of Statistics of Talaud Island Regency, in 2018, the number of hypertension sufferers in Talaud was 3.124. Uncontrolled stress became the main factor of hypertension. It needed prevention by studying and understanding the proper behavior using the health belief model (HBM) theory. This study aimed to describe hypertension patients' health beliefs and mental health status in the Talaud Islands Regency and to identify both of its relations. This study used a quantitative method with cross-sectional closure. This study was conducted in Melonguane City. The number of samples was 50 people who met the inclusion criteria. We used questionnaires of the health belief model, questionnaires of mental health inventory, and digital tensimeters. Data analyzed used The Pearson Product moment correlation to determine the correlation between the two variables. This study showed no relation between health belief and mental health status (p-value > 0.05). There is no relationship between these variables because health belief was the variable that represents the individual perception related to the disease that was suffered. In contrast, mental health status was the variable representing personal feelings in general, such as anxiety, depression, emotional loss of control, and some of the indicators.

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORK MOTIVATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING OF NURSES IN TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT ROOMS IN THE CITY OF SALATIGA

Fiane de Fretes, Alfredo Alfaris Syaranamual, Emmanuel Satyo Yuwono

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 2 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-20

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Work Motivation, Psychological Well-Being, Nurses

Abstract : According to Health Human Resources (HHR), the highest number of health workers in 2015 came from 223,910 Nurses or 34.6% of total of health workers. Regarding to excessive number of nurses, there is attracting aspect to be reviewed, namely work motivation of a nurse. In fact, being a nurse has several challenges on doing the job. Health workers including nurses have higher accidents risk because of working and infectious diseases transmission rather than other industrial workers. Work motivation of nurses can be influenced by psychological well-being because if nurses work with pleased feeling, work motivation will be higher at work places. Objective: the objective of this research was to observe the relationship between work motivation and psychological well-being of nurses in tuberculosis treatment rooms. Methodology: This research used correlational quantitative method with data analysis technique (Pearson product moment). Sampling method used total sampling that sampled from November to December 2019. Results & Discussion: Work motivation of nurses came from self-encouragement to do activities, thus, they could achieve their goals. Nurses on doing their roles obliged to exert their best ability and the best skill in providing nursing services. According to Figure 1, there were 18 respondents (69%) with high-level work motivation and 7 respondents (27%) with moderate-level work motivation. Figure 2 illustrates percentage of psychological health that implied 23 respondents (88.46%) with moderate-level psychological well-being. Work motivation of nurses was not influenced by psychological well-being of them that was proved by hypothesis test.

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BODY DISSATISFACTION, SOCIAL APPEARANCE ANXIETY AND SELF-OBJECTIFICATION: A NARRATIVE REVIEW OF DISORDERED EATING

Liew Jia Xian, Chooi Weng Tink

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 2 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-20

SAPJ Code : 1010, 2030, 2070

Keywords : Body Image; Body Dissatisfaction; Ideals of Thinness; Self-Objectification; Eating Disorders; Anxiety

Abstract : Humans form opinions about their bodies at a very early age, and children as young as 3 years old displayed body confidence issues. The likelihood of experiencing body dissatisfaction increases across childhood and into adolescence. Body mass index (BMI) is an important predictor of body dissatisfaction, and BMI is associated with body satisfaction across cultures. Studies on disordered eating and body dissatisfaction were predominantly conducted in Western countries. However, several recent studies suggested that women in Asian countries were vulnerable to disordered eating, similar to their Western counterparts. In Malaysia, negative body image perceptions, weight obsession and disordered eating were usually identified in adolescents with peer and emotional problems. Having a negative body image is associated with social appearance anxiety. The fear of evaluation by oneself and others is often associated with body image disturbance which is a key risk factor for the development of eating disorder symptoms among adolescents. Social appearance anxiety and eating disorders are highly comorbid. Women diagnosed with an eating disorder tend to have higher levels of BMI, drive for thinness, and body dissatisfaction. Objectification theory could explain the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and disordered eating. Objectification theory has linked self-objectification to negative emotional experiences and disordered eating behaviour in cultures that sexually objectify the female body. High levels of disordered eating attitudes and behaviours are often associated with greater objectification of their bodies.

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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL SUPPORT AND POSITIVE YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AMONG B40 UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH

Muhamad Adam Mahamarowi, Norsimah Dasan

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 1 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-20

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Social support, Positive Youth Development, B40, Adolescent, University Students

Abstract : Adolescents have historically been viewed as issues to be fixed and troublesome because to the idea of "storm and stress". These social perception towards this group has led the youth to be considered at youth to many moral issues, thus, the concept of Positive Youth Development was introduced to further investigate youth development in terms of Competence, Character, Caring, Confidence and Connection. This study aims to investigate the factors in Social Support (Family, Peer and Significant other) towards the Positive Youth Development. To measure this, this research is conducted using quantitative approach by survey method and collected 151 respondents from B40 undergraduates’ students in Universiti Malaysia Sabah. Respondents are collected by Convenience Sampling. The Instruments used are Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Positive Youth Development Inventory. The data was analysed using IBM SPSS version 28.0. Independent Sample T-test was conducted to analysed gender difference in subscale of PYD, One-way ANOVA was analysed to investigate between year of study and PYD, and lastly Pearson’s Correlation to investigate relationship between Social Support and PYD. Results shows there is no significant effect of gender and year of study towards PYD but, there is significant effect of social support towards PYD. This finding contributes awareness to the community to enhance family and friend to support as they are the most significant system in the Bronfenbrenner Ecological System Theory (1994) which states that these groups are the closest to the individual. This study provide insight on PYD and possible environmental factors. Further research may conduct this study using qualitative approach to gain in-depth information to understand student’s development better.

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THE CREATIVITY OF YOUNG ADULTS DIAGNOSED WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA

Lucille D. Evangelista, Myra A. Bersoto, Joel R. Lacsamana, Jhonalene R. Velasco

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 1 2022

Publication Date : 2022-12-20

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Creative Potentials, Creativity, Fluency, Originality, Flexibility, Schizophrenia

Abstract : This study aims to assess the creativity level of eight institutionalized young adults diagnosed with schizophrenia. The creativity was measured in terms of fluency, originality and flexibility using the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT) Verbal Form B developed by Paul Torrence. Findings revealed that the patient respondents’ creative potentials in terms of fluency and originality lay in a wide spectrum of weak (25 per cent in both facets), below average (25 per cent in both facets), strong (12.5 per cent in both facets) and very strong (37.5 per cent in fluency and 12.5 per cent in originality). Whereas, in flexibility the creativity level was within the spectrum of weak (25 per cent), below average (25 per cent), average (12.5 per cent) and above average (37.5 per cent). Hence, most of the patient respondents have very strong fluency and above-average flexibility.

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