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LIVED EXPERIENCES OF SINGLE FATHERS OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS DURING THE HEALTH CRISIS

Lucille D. Evangelista, Lhara M. Leynes, Wency Anne J. Manalo

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 1 2022

Publication Date : 2022-06-08

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Qualitative, Lived Experiences, Working Single Fathers, Children with Special Needs, Child Disability

Abstract : A single father whose dealing with work and taking care of a child with a disability is indeed challenging, however, fathers' perspectives on this matter are not given first preference in research. Hence, this descriptive phenomenological study aimed to describe the lived experience of three single fathers of children with special needs. The participants voluntarily responded to open-ended questions in a semi-structured interview and thematic analyses were done to extract meanings and concepts. Based on these data, three major themes emerged from describing the participants’ lived experiences. Out of 14 subordinate themes, 3 main themes of emotional pain, financial stress, and adaptive coping emerged. These men experienced financial hardship, isolation, anxiety, shame, worry, and fatigue; nevertheless persisted, adapted, and accepted life as a parent with friends and family's support.

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IMPACT OF DIGITAL PEDAGOGY ON THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING OF STUDENTS DURING GLOBAL PANDEMICS: A NARRATIVE REVIEW

Kritika Chaudhary

Volume : Vol 10 Issue 1 2022

Publication Date : 2022-02-28

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Online, Education, Wellbeing, Lockdown, Pandemic

Abstract : The migration of the teaching learning process to online mode during the pandemic has posed a plethora of difficulties and challenges for the young students across the world. It highlights the difficulties faced by students and the stress on the education system during times of medical health emergencies and lockdown situations in the past. Objective: To undertake a narrative review of studies assessing the impact of the lockdown crisis on the student wellbeing and education. Methods: Keyword searches of PubMed and Google Scholar databases led to the identification of 25 studies for the present review. Results: Studies (n = 25) exploring the students’ experience of lockdown and the impact of pandemic situations on their education were identified. Analysis of the results of these studies revealed the following main themes: Impact on students’ mental health, causes of deteriorated mental health of students: multiple heterogeneous stressors, socio-economic divide in education, gendered impact of epidemics and impact on the educational system: challenges of e- learning. Conclusion: Lockdown situations not only disrupt the normal study routine of students and causes a slowdown in their learning curve; it also creates a significant mental burden causing adverse impacts on their mental health. The lack of appropriate technological devices and the lack of sufficient internet bandwidth has deepened the educational divide. Remote education systems have proven inadequate in replicating the chalk and talk methodologies of teachers. Future directions are discussed.

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THE RELATIONSHIP OF GRIT TRAITS ON STRESS LEVEL AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA SABAH (UMS) STUDENTS

Nur Sabrina Suhaimie, Norafifah Bali, Razima Hanim Osman, Wanda Kiyah Anak George, Murnizam Halik, Mohd Sobri Ismail

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 2, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-12-31

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Stress Level, Academic Achievement, Grit Traits

Abstract : Traditionally, academic achievement and success is often measured by cognitive abilities such as aptitude and intelligence. However, the grit concept has received attention from researchers as the predictor for academic achievement. Dimensions of grit which are Perseverance of Effort (PE) and Consistency of Interest (CI) plays a different role in an individual. Hence, this quantitative study is conducted to examine the relationship of grit traits on academic achievement and stress level among University Malaysia Sabah (UMS) students. In addition, it also examines the differences of dimensions of grit between gender and differences of grit on students’ academic achievement. The study sample consisted of 220 UMS students and was conducted using two instruments, 12-item Grit Scale (Grit-O) and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-21). Result findings showed no significant relationship of dimensions of grit on academic achievement. Whereas, there is a variety of finding for the relationship of dimensions of grit on stress level. However, only CI is influenced by stress level, while PE does not have any influence. The differences towards dimensions of grit and gender and grit on students’ academic achievement also showed no significant difference which explains that students based on gender and academic achievement categories have the same level of grit. Hence, the overall findings of this study contribute to the increased understanding of the complexities related to the relationship of grit on academic achievement and stress level. Additional limitations and implications are presented along with offerings for further research recommendations.

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KEBOLEHAN BERADAPTASI INDIVIDU DAN KEBAHAGIAAN: SATU KAJIAN DALAM KALANGAN MAHASISWA MALAYSIA DAN INDONESIA

Nur Syuhadah Romzi, Murnizam Halik, Norzihan Ayub, Patricia Joseph Kimong, Razima Hanim Osman, Norafifah Bali

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 2, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-12-31

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Adaptasi, Kebahagiaan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Pelajar

Abstract : Kebolehan beradaptasi dalam kalangan mahasiswa kurang mendapat perhatian sedangkan ianya penting bukan sahaja ketika menuntut ilmu bahkan dalam menempuh alam pekerjaan juga. Ianya juga penting untuk memahami keadaan sebenar yang dihadapi mahasiswa ketika ini berikutan perubahan drastik sistem pendidikan yang tertumpu kepada interaksi atas talian. Turut menjadi perhatian tentang isu kesihatan mental yang dilihat meningkat dalam kalangan pelajar universiti bukan sahaja di Malaysia tetapi di Indonesia sehingga menjadi tanda tanya tentang tahap kebahagiaan mahasiswa pada ketika ini. Oleh itu, objektif kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji tentang kebolehan beradaptasi dan kebahagiaan dalam kalangan mahasiswa di negara Malaysia dan Indonesia. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dan seramai 120 responden dari Malaysia dan Indonesia telah terlibat dengan kajian ini. Soal selidik yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah I-Adapt Measure dan positive and negative affective schedule (PANAS). Keputusan kajian mendapati bahawa tidak terdapat perbezaan antara adaptasi dan subskala krisis, budaya, interpersonal,pembelajaran, fizikal, kreativiti dan ketidakpastian antara pelajar Malaysia dan Indonesia. Namun begitu terdapat perbezaan dari segi subskala tekanan antara Malaysia dan Indonesia. Keputusan juga menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan kebahagian dari segi subskala emosi negatif antara Malaysia dan Indonesia. Keputusan juga menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbezaan kebahagian dari segi subskala emosi positif antara Malaysia dan Indonesia. Namun dilihat bahawa mahasiswa Indonesia mempunyai tingkat kebahagiaan yang lebih tinggi kerana kurang memiliki emosi negatif. Dilihat bahawa kebolehan beradaptasi juga mempunyai hubungan signifikan terhadap kebahagiaan. Kajian seperti ini perlu dilakukan dengan memperluaskan lagi lokasi kajian iaitu melibatkan mahasiswa darinegara-negara Asia yang lain. Implikasi dan cadangan kajian turut dibincangkan.

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HUBUNGAN GAYA ASUHAN IBU BAPA DENGAN KECERDASAN EMOSI REMAJA AWAL

Siti Nazurah binti Mohd Fauzi, Norhamidah binti Jarimal @ Safri, Noorma binti Razali, Jusiah binti Idang, Wanda Kiyah George Albert, Patricia Joseph Kimong

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 2, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-12-17

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Gaya Asuhan Ibu Bapa, Kecerdasan Emosi, Remaja Awal

Abstract : Gaya asuhan yang diterima oleh anak-anak sewaktu mereka kecil akan memberi kesan kepada perlakuan dan gaya berfikir kanak-kanak terutamanya pada peringkat sekolah rendah dan menengah. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti hubungan antara gaya asuhan ibu bapa dan kecerdasan emosi remaja awal. Kajian yang dijalankan di sekitar Sabah ini melibatkan 108 orang remaja lelaki dan perempuan yang berumur di antara 12 hingga 15 tahun. Borang soal selidik telah digunakan untuk pengumpulan data. Soal selidik ini terdiri daripada tiga bahagian. Bahagian A untuk memerihal ciri demografi responden yang dikaji; Bahagian B ialah Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) untuk mengukur gaya asuhan ibu bapa dan, Bahagian C ialah The Assessing Emotions Scale (AES) yang digunakan untuk mengukur kecerdasan emos remaja. Data yang diperolehi dianalisis melalui analisis deskriptif dan ujian kolerasi sampel bebas menggunakan IBM SPSS versi 27. Hasil kajian mendapati terdapat hubungan yang signifikan bagi ketiga-tiga jenis gaya asuhan ibu bapa iaitu autoritarian (r = .462), autoritatif (r = .456) dan permisif (r = .354) dengan kecerdasan emosi remaja awal.

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KETAGIHAN MEROKOK DAN TINGKAH LAKU AGRESIF DALAM KALANGAN REMAJA MOROKOK DI SEBUAH SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI PERAK

Muhammad Razlan Bin Mat Ghani, Guan Teik Ee, Jusiah Binti Idang

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 2, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-12-17

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Remaja Merokok, Ketagihan Merokok, Tingkah Laku Agresif

Abstract : Ketagihan merokok dan tingkah laku agresif merupakan hasil daripada perkembangan remaja yang tidak sihat. Antara faktor yang memberi kesan kepada perkembangan tingkah laku remaja ialah faktor demografi dan status sosioekonomi (SES). Namun masih kurang kajian yang mengaitkan ketagihan merokok dengan tingkah laku agresif serta dengan faktor sosiodemografi. Oleh itu, kajian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan ketagihan merokok dan tingkah laku agresif dan perbezaan dari aspek demografi dan status sosioekonomi (SES). Kajian berbentuk kuantitatif dijalankan kepada 109 orang remaja berumur 13, 14, dan 16 tahun yang merokok. Soal selidik The Hooked on Nicotine Checklist (HONC) dan The Reactive – Proactive Questionnaire (RPQ) digunakan untuk mengukur ketagihan merokok dan tingkah laku agresif manakala aspek sosiodemografi dilihat secara deskriptif. Ujian Kolerasi Pearson, ANOVA Sehala, dan Ujian-t sampel bebas digunakan untuk menganalisis data. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan ketagihan merokok dengan tingkah laku agresif remaja merokok. Selain itu, terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan ketagihan merokok berdasarkan tahap ketagihan nikotin. Kajian secara kualitatif perlu dijalankan untuk mendapatkan hasil kajian yang lebih menyeluruh.

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THE ROLE OF FATHER’S SELF COMPASSION TO REDUCE PARENTING STRESS ON AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER CHILDREN

Erna Risnawati, Yuni Permatasari, Siti Sa’diah

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 2, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-12-17

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Self-Compassion, Parenting Stress, Autism Sprectrum Disorder, Father, Children

Abstract : In the process of parenting a child with ASD, mothers always experience stress in the parenting process, but from the results of research and interviews that the father also has the same parenting stress with the mother. Parenting stress due to having a child with ASD can be reduced using coping stress method. Coping source from within someone which is related to their ability in managing the most difficult condition, which can be explained by self–compassion. Purpose of the present study was determining whether there was any relation between Self-Compassion and parenting stress of father with a child with ASD. The research is quantitative approach. This research used Parenting stress by Abidin (1990) and self-compassion Scale by Neff (2003). 105 respondents father with child with ASD from special schools ASD and place therapy ASD as a sample of the population of Bekasi-Indonesia, sampling using purposive sampling techniques. Correlation test results using Pearson correlation show that r = -0.224 (p < 0.05) showed that there was a negative relation between self-compassion and Parenting Stress. From this research, parent should increasing self compassion to reduce parenting stress of father with a child with ASD.

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THE ROLE OF FATHER INVOLVEMENT TOWARDS WELL-BEING ADOLESCENT

Erna Risnawati

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 2, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-12-17

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Adolescent, Father Involvement, Psychological Well-Being, Developmental Psychology

Abstract : This research aims to determine the factors that can play a role in development of psychological well-being in adolescents. Recent research development shows that the role of the father is very important in the parenting process (father involvement) to minimize negative parenting, develop responsibility, autonomy, and resilience in facing the challenges, and guide how the child gives a positive or negative evaluation of himself. These are presumed relating to the development of psychological well-being individual. The type of research used in this research is correlational quantitative. Subjects in this study are adolescent who own and live with their fathers. The number of respondents in the study is as many as 145 people. The data collection technique used is convenience sampling. Data were collected through two measuring instruments, Psychological Well-being proposed by Ryff and the scale of father Involvement developed by the researcher. The analysis technique used is the Pearson correlation. The result show value (p = 0.473 and p < 0.05), meaning that there is a significant relationship between Father Involvement and Psychological well-being in adolescents.

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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PARENTING CLASSES IN INCREASING PARENTING SELF EFFICACY IN EARLY CHILDHOOD PARENTS DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC

Winy Nila Wisudawati, Riblita Damayanti

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 2, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-12-17

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Parenting Class, Parenting Self Efficacy, Parents, Early Childhood

Abstract : Online learning assistance for early childhood during the Covid-19 pandemic is a challenge in itself. Thus, this phenomenon is clearly seen in several PAUD (Early Childhood Education) schools in Tangerang. Based on Focus Group Discussions and questionnaires on parents of students, it was found that parents' confidence in accompanying children and children's learning achievement at home decreased due to online learning which was considered difficult. According to Coleman and Karraker (2000), parenting self-efficacy is a parent's assessment of their competence in the role of parents or parents' perceptions of their ability to positively influence the behavior and development of their children. One of the efforts to help parents is through parenting class activities designed to enhance or improve the role of parents in childcare. Parenting class is a specific intervention designed to improve the overall quality of parents which aims to help mothers and fathers relate to their children (Scott & Gardner, 2015). This study aims to determine the effectiveness of parenting classes in increasing parenting self-efficacy in early childhood parents during the Covid-19 pandemic. Research subjects (N = 294) in this study were parents / learning companions of early childhood education students, using non-probability sampling techniques with purposive sampling method. Measurements conducted using Paired Sample T-Test. Based on the comparison of pre-test and post-test measurements, the results obtained are the value of t = -71,365, p = 0.000 <0.05, thus there is a significant difference in parenting self-efficacy both in the pre-test and post-test in parents after parenting class.

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The Psychological Effects of the COVID- 19 on Children, University Students, Adults, Older Adults: A Review Study

Ezgi Diden Merdan-Yildiz, Pelin Karaca-Dinç, Seda Oktay, Gülsen Erden

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 2, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-12-17

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Adults, COVID-19, Children, University Students, Psychological Effects

Abstract : The COVID-19 pandemic has psychologically affected young and old alike. Loneliness, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and sleep problems have occurred in different parts of all societies. Especially for children and adolescents, getting away from the social environment and attending online lessons while sitting at home has caused a problematic process along with some other obstacles. University students had to move away from the campus environment, which is believed to be a satisfying social atmosphere and academic environment for them, and they had to move back to their hometowns due to strict restrictions and some lockdown implementations. For adults, having multi-faced responsibilities such as having children and taking care of many family members as well as fulfilling those changing responsibilities is emotionally challenging. Older adults have gone through a long process of social isolation, loneliness, depression, and negative stereotypes about age, and they have had difficulties in accessing their basic needs. By considering the different needs of every age group, it is essential to understand how everyone is affected during the pandemic process. The aim of study is to examine the psychological effects, risk factors, age-specific problems experienced in each age group during COVID-19 and to raise awareness about the protective factors and elements that can increase psychological well-being.

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