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THE EFFECTS OF SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF YOUTHS IN KANIBUNGAN VILLAGE, PITAS

Melley Magdalena Midi, Getrude Cosmas, & Stephencie Sinik

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Spiritual Intelligence, Academic Performance, Psychological Well-Being

Abstract : Youths today deal with many challenges, such as gaining better academic success and maintaining psychological well-being. In dealing with these challenges, one of the factors that might predict youths’ academic success and psychological well-being is spiritual intelligence. Therefore, a study was conducted to examine the effects of spiritual intelligence on youths’ academic achievements and psychological well-being. Two hundred fifty youths from the Emmanuel Christian Fellowship group of Kanibungan village, Pitas took part in this study. A set of questionnaires, which consisted of four sections, were used to measures the youths’ demographic profiles, academic achievements, spiritual intelligence, and psychological well-being. The research hypotheses were analysed using the simple regression test. Results showed that spiritual intelligence can stand as a predictor for both academic achievements and psychological well-being. Spiritual intelligence can be explained for 40% of the variance on academic achievement (?=.64, F(1, 248) = 169.677, p < .05). In addition, spiritual intelligence explained 25% of the psychological well-being (?=.50 F(1, 248) = 84.656, k < .05). The results revealed that the higher a youth’s spiritual intelligence, such as when applying spiritual values when dealing with problems and adapting to new environments, the higher a student’s academic achievements and psychological well-being. The findings allow us to reflect on how, aside from the intelligence quotient, spiritual intelligence is important for youths’ academic success and psychological well-being. Instilling spiritual intelligence in youths may give them strength and faith when meeting the challenges of today’s world.

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PARENT-CHILD INTERACTION THERAPY: A LITERATURE REVIEW ON ITS EFFECTIVENESS FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD)

Noor Hassline Mohamed

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Abstract : : Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects children and their learning in a variety of ways. ASD is a developmental disorder that is marked by profound deficits in social, language, and cognitive abilities. The core features of ASD are areas in which difficulties can lead to feelings of frustration, confusion, anxiety or lack of control, resulting in behavioural responses. This article offers an overview of the literature, focusing on the effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) which used to improve the relationship between parent-children and to reduce noncompliance behaviour in children with ASD. The PCIT is an empirically-supported treatment for conduct-disordered for young children aged two to seven that highlights on improving the quality of the relationship between parents and child and changing inappropriate pattern of parent-child interaction. Early relationships between parents and children have powerful impacts on children’s behaviour and emotional development. When parents are responsive and sensitive to child’s cues, they contribute to the coordinated back and forth of interaction with the child. This kind of interaction helps children develop self-sense and emotional regulation skills such as selfcontrol and self-calming. Furthermore, in order to help young children to develop lifelong motivation in their self, parents are encouraged to participate in everyday learning and playing activities. Therefore, identifying the most effective intervention parenting programmes for enhancing and rebuilding parent-child relationships through teaching parent the skills necessary for coping with noncompliance behaviour in young children with ASD is crucially important. Overall, the findings of this study demonstrate the potential of PCIT as an early intervention to improve the behavioural functional outcomes of preschool children with ASD.

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PROCRASTINATION AND ANXIETY AMONG PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK STUDENTS IN A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY IN EAST MALAYSIA

Pang Chee Hong, Guan Teik Ee, & Muhamad Azlan Daud

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Procrastination, Anxiety, Psychology, Social Work

Abstract : Procrastination is prevalent and pernicious but not entirely understood. It has been seen as a universal phenomenon that hinders people’s ability to accomplish their goals. Procrastination can be defined as lack or absence of selfregulated performance and the behavioural tendency to delay what is necessary to reach a goal. It appears to be a troubling phenomenon and yet human beings have been procrastinating for centuries. University students are the backbone of society. They need to be aware of their procrastination attitude so that they could tackle the problem. Anxiety on the other hand is a negative feeling. Studies show that a relationship exists between procrastination and anxiety. However very few studies investigate procrastination and anxiety, especially among Psychology and Social Work students in the public university in Malaysia. In view of this, the objectives of this study are to examine: (1) the difference in procrastination by gender; (2) the difference in anxiety by gender; (3) the relationship between procrastination and anxiety. This study managed to get 304 samples for the objectives above. The difference of gender was tested by t-test; while the relationship between procrastination and anxiety was tested by correlation. The results of this study indicated that female students engaged more in major procrastination, whereas male students engaged more in moderate procrastination. However, there were no significant differences on procrastination and anxiety between gender. The finding also showed a significant relationship between procrastination and anxiety.

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TRANSFORMATIONAL RECTOR LEADERSHIP IN BUILDING ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AND COMPENSATION TOWARDS JOB SATISFACTION OF NON-LECTURER STAFF (EDUCATION STAFF)

A.A.Anwar Prabu Mangkunegara

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Transformational Leadership, Organizational Commitment, Compensation, Job Satisfaction

Abstract : The research is focused on applied model of Job Satisfaction. It finds out the influence of transformational leadership, organizational commitment and compensation towards Job Satisfaction in Mercu Buana University. The research approach used is quantitative approach with explanatory survey method (questionnaire). Research data is analyzed descriptively using inferential statistics with regressions. The subjects of this research are human resources (107 Education staff employees). The result of the research shows that transformational leadership, organizational commitment and compensation have thoroughly significant and positive (53.2%) influence on Job Satisfaction. The research result shows that transformational leadership influence significantly (30.4%) towards job satisfaction. There is significant influence of organizational commitment (16.5%) towards job satisfaction. there is significant influence of compensation (80.2%) towards job satisfaction. When those variables are combined or applied well by the Mercu Buana University, there will be an increase on job satisfaction. Employees who are engaged will do their tasks better than those who are not engaged, so employees’ productivity will improve, resulting in the increased performance of the Mercu Buana University as well.Therefore, Rector of Mercu Buana University has made program and strategy plan for the future which are also must address issues in higher education, i.e. global (competitiveness & professionalism, international standardization, and networking/linkage), national (job satisfaction for employees in order to create commitment organizational, compensation and achieving job performance) level.

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ON THE JOB TRAINING DESIGN IN IMPROVING PERFORMANCE AT 4.0 ERA: STUDY ON AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA

Arbania Fitriani

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Training, On the Job Training, Performance, Employee

Abstract : At 4.0 era of industrial revolution, training’s role becomes more important for organizations because it will increase effectiveness and efficiency not only for individuals but for organizations. Many things affect performance, but the most important factor in improving performance is training. This study aims to evaluate On the Job Training design implementation at PT YXZ and see how the variables in the OJT design contribute to improving employee performance. Sampling technique method is probability random sampling with the Slovin formula according to the number of employees of each unit. The population in this study were all permanent employees with a total of 1,665. Samples were taken from various positions and tenure. The number of samples obtained was 323 employees. The results of the validity and reliability test are known that the Cronbach’s Alpha value of each indicator is above 0.9 so it can be said that all indicators have a very good level of reliability. The Pearson Product Moment correlation value is above 0.8 so that the measuring instrument is considered valid. Based on the results of the frequency distribution, it was found that according to OJT, 70.51% respondents had been implemented quite well. The results of the simultaneous regression test resulted in a Pvalue = 0.000 (P< 0.05) which means that Ho was rejected and Ha was accepted. The value of how much influence the overall indicator on the effectiveness of OJT is displayed in the regression model as follows, OJT Factor Value = 2,422 + 0.015 (total value of OJT Implementation items). The results of this study prove that the design model in OJT have a significant influence in to performance

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ROLE OF WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT AND WORKPLACE SPIRITUALITY IN PREDICTING ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR AMONG TEACHERS?

Puput Melati, Amy Mardhatillah, & Setiawati Intan Savitri

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Work-Family Conflict, Workplace Spiritualiy, Organizational Citizenship Behavior

Abstract : The aim of this study to examine the role of Work-Family Conflict (WFC) and Workplace Spirituality in predicting Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB). 121 teachers participated in this research.Instruments used in this study are OCB (Podsakof, 1980), Work Family Conflict Scale (Carlson et al, 2000) and Wokplace Spiritulity Scale ( Asmos & Dunchon, 2000). Multiple regression analysis is used to analyzed the data. Results indicated that WorkFamily Conflict and Workplace Spirituality predict OCB with value R2 = 40.2%, F (2.97), 32.652, P <0.01, in which 40.2% OCB predicted by WorkFamily Conflict and Workplace Spirituality, while 59.8% influenced by other factors . Result shows that, WFC negatively corelate with OCB and Workplace Spirituality shows greater correlation in predicting OCB in compare to WFC. Kindergarten teacher show highest OCB and workplace spirituality in compare to elementary and junior high school teachers. However, there is no significant different in term of WFC across demographic. Therefore, schools are expected to create policies and intervention programs that can reduce Work-Family Conflict and improve Workplace Spirituality to promote a better Organizational Citizenship Behavior among teachers.

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PENGARUH KESULITAN EKONOMI, KEPUASAN PERKAHWINAN DAN KEAGAMAAN KE ATAS KEBAHAGIAAN

Muhammad Idris Bullare @ Bahari & Ra’idatun Adilah Binti Nor Zaman

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 2, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-19

SAPJ Code : 2020, 5020, 5110

Keywords : Kesulitan ekonomi,kepuasan perkahwinan,keagamaan,kebahagiaan

Abstract :

Kajian ini bertujuan menguji hubungan di antara kesulitan ekonomi, kepuasan perkahwinan dan keagamaan dengan kebahagiaan. Kajian ini melibatkan responden seramai 166 orang yang terdiri daripada 59 orang lelaki dan 107 orang perempuan. Tinjauan kajian dijalankan secara bersemuka dan atas talian. Kajian ini menggunakan analisis korelasi Pearson bagi mengukur hubungan di antara kesulitan ekonomi, kepuasan perkahwinan dan keagamaan dengan kebahagiaan dalam kalangan masyarakat di Sabah. Manakala, analisis regresi pelbagai pula bertujuan mengukur pengaruh di antara kesulitan ekonomi, kepuasan perkahwinan dan keagamaan terhadap kebahagiaan dalam kalangan masyarakat di Sabah. Hasil kajian menunjukkan hubungan yang signifikan antara kesulitan ekonomi, kepuasan perkahwinan dan keagamaan dengan kebahagiaan. Selain itu, hasil kajian membuktikan bahawa ketiga-tiga pembolehubah bebas boleh menerangkan secara signifikan sebanyak 23.7% daripada varians dalam kebahagiaan. Kajian ini mendapati kebahagiaan merupakan pengaruh yang utama ke atas kepuasan perkahwinan. Implikasi dan cadangan kajian turut dibincangkan.

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GAMBARAN PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING BEING GENERASI MILENIAL PENGGUNA MEDIA DIGITAL DI JAKARTA SELATAN

Laila Meiliyandrie Indah Wardani, Sri Wahyuning Astuti

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 2, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-19

SAPJ Code : 2070, 2070, 2070

Keywords : Psychological Well Being, generasi milenium, Media digital

Abstract : Indonesia merupakan sebuah negara yang sedang mengalami bonus demografi dengan populasi generasi milenium yang tinggi, iaitu lebih separuh daripada jumlah penduduk yang berjumlah seramai 264 juta orang. Jumlah penduduk generasi milenium yang tinggi telah mendorong semua dasar negara yang digubal harus menampung minat golongan ini. Oleh itu, banyak kajian telah dilakukan untuk mengetahui ciri-ciri generasi milenium di Indonesia, terutamanya berkaitan dengan kesejahteraan psikologi mereka. Kesejahteraan psikologi tidak hanya mencakupi kesejahteraan psikologi seseorang bahkan turut merangkumi kebolehan seseorang memahami pencapaian kehidupan masa kini. Makna kehidupan hari ini banyak dipengaruhi oleh pendedahan media digital. Generasi milenium yang dibesarkan dengan dunia digital tentunya mempunyai perubahan dalam makna kehidupan mereka. Kajian ini akan cuba mencari gambaran kesejahteraan psikologi generasi milenium pengguna media digital. Subjek dalam kajian ini ialah generasi milenium di daerah Jakarta Selatan yang berumur 15-19 tahun. Data diambil menggunakan Skala Pergokian Psikologi yang terdiri daripada 54 item oleh Ryff dan intensiti penggunaan media digital (telefon pintar). Penganalisisan data kajian ini menggunakan Ujian Korelasi untuk melihat hubungan antara kedua-dua pemboleh ubah dan untuk mengetahui dimensi setiap hubungan penyelidikan.

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KEPIMPINAN PENGAJARAN GURU BESAR, KOMPETENSI PROFESIONALISME GURU, KOMPETENSI PERIBADI GURU DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN EFIKASI PENGAJARAN GURU SEKOLAH RENDAH DI ZON PEDALAMAN SABAH

Serirama Ebbie, Roslee Bin Talip, Dayang Norizah Ag Kiflee@Dzulkifli

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 2, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-19

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Sekolah Rendah, Zon Pedalaman, Kepimpinan Pengajaran Guru Besar, Kompetensi Profesionalisme, Kompetensi Peribadi Dan Efikasi Pengajaran

Abstract : Kajian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan hubungan kepimpinan pengajaran guru besar, kompetensi profesionalisme guru dan kompetensi peribadi guru terhadap efikasi pengajaran guru bagi guru-guru sekolah rendah di zon Pedalaman, Sabah. Kajian ini melibatkan 361 responden yang terdiri daripada guru-guru sekolah rendah di zon Pedalaman, Sabah. Pemboleh ubah kajian telah diuji dengan menggunakan statistik deskriptif dan inferensi yang melibatkan skor min, sisihan piawai dan korelasi Pearson. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam kajian adalah soal selidik yang diadaptasi daripada Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS), Standard Guru Malaysia (SGM) dan Teacher Efficacy Scale (TES) bagi mengumpul data daripada 361 responden yang telah melengkapkan borang soal selidik, daripada 54 buah sekolah rendah yang melibatkan tujuh daerah di zon Pedalaman, Sabah. Persampelan secara rawak digunakan dalam pemilihan responden dalam kalangan guru manakala persampelan bertujuan digunakan bagi menentukan bilangan sekolah yang mewakili setiap daerah seperti yang telah ditetapkan. Statistik deskriptif dan inferensi telah digunakan bagi menghuraikan dapatan kajian. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa tahap kepimpinan pengajaran guru besar (Min = 4.52; SP = 0.313) pada tahap sangat tinggi, kompetensi profesionalisme guru (Min = 4.41; SP = 0.295) juga pada tahap sangat tinggi dan kompetensi peribadi guru (Min = 4.47; SP = 0.366) juga berada pada tahap sangat tinggi manakala efikasi pengajaran guru (Min = 3.96; SP = 0.358) berada pada tahap tinggi. Data inferensi dianalisis menggunakan Korelasi Pearson. Analisis Korelasi Pearson mendapati hubungan yang signifikan pada aras sederhana kuat antara kepimpinan pengajaran guru besar dengan efikasi pengajaran guru (r=.514), hubungan yang signifikan pada aras kuat antara kompetensi profesionalisme guru dengan efikasi pengajaran guru (r=.790) dan hubungan yang signifikan pada aras kuat bagi kompetensi peribadi guru dengan efikasi pengajaran guru (r=.806).

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POLA MINAT KERJAYA DAN PENYESUAIAN KERJAYA PELATIH KOR SUKARELAWAN POLIS SISWA/I DI UNIVERSITI AWAM

Maisarah Mohd Wahed, Mohd Izwan Mahmud, & Siti Hashimah Ghazali

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 2, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-19

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Minat Kerjaya, Penyesuaian Kerjaya, Pelatih, Kor SUKSIS, Polis DiRaja Malaysia

Abstract : Pemilihan kerjaya yang selari dengan minat kerjaya mampu memberikan penyesuaian kerjaya yang baik pada masa hadapan. Penyesuaian kerjaya melibatkan keupayaan individu berkaitan dengan cakna diri (concern), kawalan diri (control), sifat ingin tahu (curiosity) dan keyakinan diri (confidence). Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti pola minat kerjaya dan penyesuaian kerjaya pelatih Kor Sukarelawan Polis Siswa/i (SUKSIS) di sebuah Universiti Awam di Malaysia. Kajian ini menggunakan reka bentuk kajian deskriptif iaitu analisis yang digunakan adalah Min, sisihan piawai, peratus dan kekerapan. Sampel kajian ini terdiri daripada 102 orang pelatih Kor SUKSIS di sebuah Universiti Awam di Selangor. Instrumen kajian yang digunakan untuk mengukur pola minat kerjaya adalah Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI). Manakala, bagi penyesuaian kerjaya instrumen yang digunakan adalah Career Adapt Ability Scale (CAAS). Data dianalisis menggunakan perisian Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) versi 23.0. Keputusan kajian mendapati majoriti responden mempunyai minat kerjaya dominan bagi kategori Sosial (S), Investigatif (I) dan Enterprising(E). Walaubagaimanapun, terdapat perbezaan minat kerjaya antara jantina perempuan dan lelaki di mana lelaki lebih dominan kepada Sosial (S), Enterprising (E) dan Investigatif (I). Manakala perempuan lebih dominan kepada Sosial (S), Investigatif (I) dan Konvensional (K). Di samping itu, tahap penyesuaian kerjaya responden berada pada tahap sederhana dan tinggi. Namun begitu, terdapat segelintir pelajar berada di tahap yang rendah. Kajian ini memberi implikasi kepada pihak pengurusan Kor SUKSIS terhadap cara pengambilan dan pemilihan pelatih yang memiliki tret personaliti yang lebih sesuai dan diperlukan untuk menjadi seorang anggota Polis DiRaja Malaysia. Cadangan kajian susulan hendaklah menjalankan kajian berbentuk kualitatif bagi memahami faktor yang mempengaruhi minat pelajar dalam persatuan badan beruniform.

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