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SOCIAL SUPPORT IN NURSING CARE OF TUBERCULAR PATIENTS IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA TOWARDS IMPROVED PATIENT’S WELL-BEING

Fiane de Fretes, Edreck D. Estioko, & Aziz M. Anwar

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 1, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-02-14

SAPJ Code : 2050, 5020, 5090

Keywords : Social Support, Tubercular Patients

Abstract : Social support is essential factor that support tubercular patient in maintaining self-care. The availability of support from other people will provide positive emotional effect on tubercular patient particularly on making healthier choices during treatment. While, nurses provide comprehensive nursing care plan to accommodate patient and family needs, their most important roles are to provide information to ensure that families and patient understand the treatment of tuberculosis. Thus, this study aims to identify social support that is extended to tubercular patients. Findings were beneficial in improving patient’s well-being. This study used quantitative-descriptive research design which included a total sample of 40 respondents that were purposively selected from the tubercular inpatients and outpatients at Dr. Ario Wirawan Pulmonary Hospital. The results showed that Majority of the respondents were between the age of 41 – 50 years old, of which 40% are inpatients and 45% are outpatients. Incidence of tuberculosis is greater among male patients with about 70% for the inpatients and 55% for outpatients. Both inpatient (75%) and outpatient (90%) tubercular patients are married in which their spouses are the principal supplemental care providers from the family in addition to nurses and doctors. Most of the respondents present new cases of tuberculosis for both inpatients (30%) and outpatients (35%). Based on the results of the study, self-assessed social support among tubercular respondents showed that they receive high support of social support from their care providers and families. On significant difference in the self-assessed social support among selected inpatient and outpatient tubercular respondents, statistical analysis confirmed there is no significant difference in the self-assessed social support selected inpatient and outpatient tubercular respondents. Information education and communication (IEC) materials were developed for health promotion to improve patients well- being.

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THE EFFECT OF JOB INSECURITY TO TURNOVER INTENTION OF OUTSOURCE EMPLOYEES AT PT. X

Marisa Arnes, Laila Meiliyandrie Indah Wardani

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 1, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-02-14

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Job Insecurity, Turnover Intention, Outsource Employees

Abstract : This study is entitled The Effect of Job Insecurity to Turnover Intention of Employees at PT. X. This research was intended to identify and analyze the influence of Job Insecurity partially and simultaneously to Turnover Intention of Outsource Employees at PT. X. The population in this research was outsource employees of the PT X as many as 299 people. Measuring Turnover Intention using Mobley turnover intention scale and job insecurity using Ashford et al. This research uses a simple linear regression analysis to test whether there is an effect Job Insecurity to the Turnover Intension. The results showed that Job Insecurity very significant influence on turnover intention in outsource employees at PT. X.

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PERBEZAAN GENDER DALAM PENCAPAIAN MURID: KAITANNYA DENGAN KETERLIBATAN MURID DAN SOKONGAN PEMBELAJARAN

Hanita Mohd Yusoff & Norzaini Azman

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 1, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-02-14

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Gender, Keterlibatan Murid, Sokongan Pembelajaran, Pencapaian

Abstract : Kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti sejauhmana keterlibatan murid berkait dengan pencapaian akademik berdasarkan gender. Ia juga meninjau sama ada sokongan pembelajaran dan keterlibatan murid mempunyai kaitan terhadap pencapaian berdasarkan gender. Survei keratan rentas digunakan untuk mengumpul data yang melibatkan keterlibatan murid di sekolah, sokongan pembelajaran dan pencapaian akademik. Sampel kajian adalah seramai 800 orang murid yang berumur 16 tahun (lelaki n = 400 dan perempuan n = 400) dari sekolah menengah kawasan bandar dan luar bandar dalam daerah Kuala Selangor. Instrumen tinjauan keterlibatan murid di sekolah (The Student Engagement Scale, Lam et al.,2009) merupakan instrumen yang digunakan untuk pengumpulan data. Analisis deskriptif min dan sisihan piawai digunakan bagi menentukan tahap hubungan dan analisis inferensi MANOVA serta Ujian-t dijalankan untuk menentukan perbezaan antara pemboleh ubah. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan sokongan pembelajaran dan keterlibatan murid lelaki dan perempuan terhadap pencapaian akademik. Murid perempuan mempunyai sokongan pembelajaran dan keterlibatan murid yang lebih tinggi berbanding lelaki. Pencapaian murid adalah berbeza antara gender. Hasil kajian ini dapat memberi kefahaman terhadap isu keterlibatan murid di sekolah. Ia juga boleh menjadi sumber maklumat bagi penyusunan semula strategi sedia ada dan merancang program-program yang lebih baik agar dapat membantu meningkatkan pencapaian akademik dan mengurangkan jurang perbezaan gender terhadap pencapaian dalam kalangan murid sekolah.

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EVALUATING COGNITIVE DISTORTION SCALE USING EXPLORATORY FACTOR ANALYSIS AND RELIABILITY ANALYSIS

Tan Yao Xiong, Rizal Abu Bakar & Mohamad Azhari Abu Bakar

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 1, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-02-14

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Cognitive Distortion Scale, Validity, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Reliability, Cronbach’s Alpha

Abstract : Despite being used extensively in psychopathology research, the psychometric properties of Cognitive Distortion Scale have not been examined in Malaysia. This study aimed to study the reliability and validity of this scale. A study was performed on 414 university students. Participants had to respond for each item based on the scale of 1 (never) to 7 (all the time). The reliability and validity of the instrument were analysed with the Cronbach’s Alpha and Exploratory Factor Analysis using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 25. Finding from the reliability analysis suggested high reliability index value with the overall score was above .70. Further, the result for instrument validity based on the exploratory factor analysis suggested three (3) main constructs with eigenvalue more than 1 which explained 61.4% of variance. The factor loading values for each criterion ranged from .47 to .86. Overall, finding obtained from this study has shown that Cognitive Distortion Scale has high reliability and validity, and suggested to load ten cognitive patterns into three patterns.

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ARE THEY EMOTIONALLY – SOCIALLY INTELLIGENT? EXAMINING EMOTIONAL-SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG ADOLESCENTS RESIDING IN A CHILDREN’S HOME IN THE STATE OF SABAH, MALAYSIA

Lailawati Madlan @ Endalan, Adeymend Reny Japil, Nur Farhana Ardillah Aftar, Muhammad Idris Bullare @ Bahari, & Alfred Chan Huan Zhi

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 1, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-02-14

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Sabah, Malaysia, Children’s Home, Emotional Intelligence, Emotional Quotient, Emotional-Social Intelligence, Institutionalized Adolescent

Abstract : This study was conducted to investigate emotional-social intelligence among adolescent in a Children’s Home located Sabah, Malaysia. A total of 49 adolescents (11 males and 38 females) aged between 12 and 18-years-old were selected through purposive sampling to participate in the study. BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version was used to collect quantitative data regarding the respondents' experiences concerning emotional and social intelligence. In general, analysis shows that emotional-social intelligence among adolescent in this Children’s Home was reported to be low. No difference in emotional-social intelligence across gender and age groups was found. Stress management skill was the only domain found to be different between male and female adolescents. There were no major relations among emotional-social intelligence features. It was found that only adolescents’ skills of interpersonal and adaptability was moderately positively correlated. Information found from this study is deemed meaningful for the purpose of planning an intervention program to empower emotional intelligence among adolescent residing in children’s' homes.

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What is the Influence of Smartphone Addiction on Student’s Psychological Well-being?

Hifizah Nur (hifizah.nur@mercubuana.ac.id),Dian Misrawati (dian.misrawati@mercubuana.ac.id),Shinta Utami (shintautami.psi@yahoo.com)

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 4020, 2050, 3040

Keywords : Smartphone Addiction, Psychological Well-being, University Students

Abstract : Smartphone addiction has many impacts on its users both physical and psychological. This research was conducted to explore the influence of smartphone addiction on psychological well-being among university students 407 students from various faculties of a university in Indonesia (181 men and 226 women) were selected based on the cluster random sampling method. The instruments used in this study were Smartphone Addiction Scale (SAS) and Psychological well-being scale that aimed to answer the main objective of the study. Data collected from the study was nalyzed azed using regression tests, Pearson product-moment tests, descriptive tests, as well as the t-test and ANOVA. The results shows that there was significant influence of smartphone addiction on psychological well-being of university students

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NURSES’ RESILIENCE IN HOSPITALS: ROLE OF RELIGIOSITY AND CHARACTER STRENGHTS

Erna Multahada & Daud Effendi

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 5110, 3020, 2070

Keywords : resilience, nurses, religiosity, charcter strenghts and hospital

Abstract : Work-related stress can occur in a hospital for a variety of reasons, including the characteristics of the bureaucracy, the demands of the organisation, differences in interpretations of applying the hospital’s values standards and the hospital’s moral values, the types and demands of patients, work overload and job burnout. A high level of resilience is needed. This study aimed to determine the effect of religiosity and character strenghts on the resilience of nurses in hospitals. A total of 150 nurses who work in several hospitals in Jakarta were selected using total sampling. Resilience was measured using an RQ measuring instrument. Religiosity was measured using CRS. Character strenghts was measured using VIA-IS. Multiple regression was used to analyse the data. Results : That the role of religiosity and character strenghts on the resilience of nurses in the hospitals are 44% with p-value = .000. And There is a strong correlation between nurse religiosity and character strengths (R = .661). Religiosity (p-value = .21; beta value = 17.9) and character strenghts (pvalue = .000 and beta value = 53.9) had an effect on resilience. Thus, it was concluded that there are role of religiosity and character strenghts to resilience of nurses in hospitals.

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THE EFFECTS OF SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING OF YOUTHS IN KANIBUNGAN VILLAGE, PITAS

Melley Magdalena Midi, Getrude Cosmas, & Stephencie Sinik

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Spiritual Intelligence, Academic Performance, Psychological Well-Being

Abstract : Youths today deal with many challenges, such as gaining better academic success and maintaining psychological well-being. In dealing with these challenges, one of the factors that might predict youths’ academic success and psychological well-being is spiritual intelligence. Therefore, a study was conducted to examine the effects of spiritual intelligence on youths’ academic achievements and psychological well-being. Two hundred fifty youths from the Emmanuel Christian Fellowship group of Kanibungan village, Pitas took part in this study. A set of questionnaires, which consisted of four sections, were used to measures the youths’ demographic profiles, academic achievements, spiritual intelligence, and psychological well-being. The research hypotheses were analysed using the simple regression test. Results showed that spiritual intelligence can stand as a predictor for both academic achievements and psychological well-being. Spiritual intelligence can be explained for 40% of the variance on academic achievement (?=.64, F(1, 248) = 169.677, p < .05). In addition, spiritual intelligence explained 25% of the psychological well-being (?=.50 F(1, 248) = 84.656, k < .05). The results revealed that the higher a youth’s spiritual intelligence, such as when applying spiritual values when dealing with problems and adapting to new environments, the higher a student’s academic achievements and psychological well-being. The findings allow us to reflect on how, aside from the intelligence quotient, spiritual intelligence is important for youths’ academic success and psychological well-being. Instilling spiritual intelligence in youths may give them strength and faith when meeting the challenges of today’s world.

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PARENT-CHILD INTERACTION THERAPY: A LITERATURE REVIEW ON ITS EFFECTIVENESS FOR CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD)

Noor Hassline Mohamed

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Abstract : : Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects children and their learning in a variety of ways. ASD is a developmental disorder that is marked by profound deficits in social, language, and cognitive abilities. The core features of ASD are areas in which difficulties can lead to feelings of frustration, confusion, anxiety or lack of control, resulting in behavioural responses. This article offers an overview of the literature, focusing on the effectiveness of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) which used to improve the relationship between parent-children and to reduce noncompliance behaviour in children with ASD. The PCIT is an empirically-supported treatment for conduct-disordered for young children aged two to seven that highlights on improving the quality of the relationship between parents and child and changing inappropriate pattern of parent-child interaction. Early relationships between parents and children have powerful impacts on children’s behaviour and emotional development. When parents are responsive and sensitive to child’s cues, they contribute to the coordinated back and forth of interaction with the child. This kind of interaction helps children develop self-sense and emotional regulation skills such as selfcontrol and self-calming. Furthermore, in order to help young children to develop lifelong motivation in their self, parents are encouraged to participate in everyday learning and playing activities. Therefore, identifying the most effective intervention parenting programmes for enhancing and rebuilding parent-child relationships through teaching parent the skills necessary for coping with noncompliance behaviour in young children with ASD is crucially important. Overall, the findings of this study demonstrate the potential of PCIT as an early intervention to improve the behavioural functional outcomes of preschool children with ASD.

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PROCRASTINATION AND ANXIETY AMONG PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK STUDENTS IN A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY IN EAST MALAYSIA

Pang Chee Hong, Guan Teik Ee, & Muhamad Azlan Daud

Volume : Vol 7 Issue 3, 2019

Publication Date : 2019-11-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Procrastination, Anxiety, Psychology, Social Work

Abstract : Procrastination is prevalent and pernicious but not entirely understood. It has been seen as a universal phenomenon that hinders people’s ability to accomplish their goals. Procrastination can be defined as lack or absence of selfregulated performance and the behavioural tendency to delay what is necessary to reach a goal. It appears to be a troubling phenomenon and yet human beings have been procrastinating for centuries. University students are the backbone of society. They need to be aware of their procrastination attitude so that they could tackle the problem. Anxiety on the other hand is a negative feeling. Studies show that a relationship exists between procrastination and anxiety. However very few studies investigate procrastination and anxiety, especially among Psychology and Social Work students in the public university in Malaysia. In view of this, the objectives of this study are to examine: (1) the difference in procrastination by gender; (2) the difference in anxiety by gender; (3) the relationship between procrastination and anxiety. This study managed to get 304 samples for the objectives above. The difference of gender was tested by t-test; while the relationship between procrastination and anxiety was tested by correlation. The results of this study indicated that female students engaged more in major procrastination, whereas male students engaged more in moderate procrastination. However, there were no significant differences on procrastination and anxiety between gender. The finding also showed a significant relationship between procrastination and anxiety.

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