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INFORMATION LITERACY: ITS RELEVANCE TO YOUTH MENTAL HEALTH IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Udena Ruwindu Attygalle

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 1, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-08-20

SAPJ Code : 2050, 4040, 4050

Keywords : Adolescents, Information Literacy, Mental health

Abstract :

Information literacy is an overarching concept that incorporates many of the diverse literacy areas important for adolescent mental health. Adolescents are in a sensitive stage in their development, where they are susceptible to the possible emotional and cognitive adverse effects of the huge amount of information they have to deal with. For them, the ability to access the most useful information, critically evaluate it, reflect on it and being able to use it for the benefit of oneself and others is vital.  As adolescents in developing countries are being rapidly exposed to information and ways of living that require the abilities described in information literacy, looking at teaching these skills in formal and informal ways is important.

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PERCEPTIONS OF SINGAPORE ADOLESCENTS ON THE ROLES AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SCHOOL COUNSELLORS

Mohana Tan-Parikh, Tan Soo Yin

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 1, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-08-20

SAPJ Code : 2020, 2040, 4030

Keywords : Singapore school counselling; counsellors’ roles; counsellors’ characteristics

Abstract :

School counselling has been implemented in all Singapore public schools for more than a decade. This study sought the perceptions of Singapore adolescents on the roles and characteristics of school counsellors. A survey was administered to 135 students from Nanyang Polytechnic. This research was largely descriptive in nature with one open-ended question. The results showed that adolescents had some misconceptions on the roles of school counsellors. An unanticipated finding revealed that adolescents who had not experienced the counselling process had better perceptions of the characteristics of a school counsellor. These results imply that school counsellors need to take on a more proactive role in reaching out to students, in terms of information sharing and creating awareness. Recommendations have been made for enhancing the school counselling landscape. 

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A STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER AMONG ADULT PATIENTS ATTENDING KLINIK KESIHATAN LUYANG

Sarah Jane Chan Jia Chyi, Noor Azimah Muhammad

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 1, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-08-20

SAPJ Code : 4100, 4040, 1010

Keywords : Autism Spectrum Disorder, Knowledge, Attitude

Abstract :

The prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been on the rise in recent years. However, lack of ASD awareness can lead to delay in diagnosis and treatment as well as stigma towards autistic individuals. Therefore, it is paramount to assess the public’s knowledge and attitude towards ASD. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Klinik Kesihatan Luyang from December 2018 to February 2019 using a self-administered questionnaire that comprised of 3 sections; sociodemographic section, Autism Stigma and Knowledge questionnaire (ASK-Q) and attitude towards ASD. There were 387 respondents who participated in this study and 25.3% of them had never heard of ASD. Among those who had heard of ASD, the mean (SD) score for ASK-Q was 35.0 (3.8) with more than 70% of them had adequate knowledge on diagnosis, aetiology and treatment of ASD. Majority of the respondents did not endorse stigma. The main sources of ASD information were from social media (69.8%) and TV/Radio (52.5%). Generally, respondents showed a high positive attitude towards ASD with a mean (SD) score of 36.0 (5.1). There were positive associations between knowledge on treatment and education level (p=0.02) and household monthly income (p=0.01) as well as knowledge on aetiology and household monthly income (p=0.03). Parenthood was associated with higher knowledge on aetiology (p=0.02) and lesser stigma endorsement (p=0.02). Males demonstrated more positive attitude compared to females (p=0.03). There was weak correlation between knowledge and attitude towards ASD (r=0.145, p=0.014). In conclusion, there is still a need for intervention to improve ASD awareness especially among the lower education and lower income population as well as those who had no parenthood experience, using effective channels of mass media.

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SEBAB-SEBAB TINGKAH LAKU MENCEDERAKAN DIRI DALAM KALANGAN REMAJA DI BANDAR KOTA KINABALU

Norsuhada binti Kamaludin, Guan Teik Ee

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 1, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-08-20

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Sebab-Sebab Tingkah Laku Mencederakan Diri, Remaja, Bandar Kota Kinabalu

Abstract : Tingkah laku mencederakan diri merupakan masalah utama yang menyebabkan seseorang itu membunuh diri. Namun begitu, isu tingkah laku mencederakan diri merupakan isu yang sangat jarang diperkatakan oleh masyarakat di Malaysia. Oleh itu, kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengetahui sebab-sebab mencederakan diri terhadap 720 orang remaja yang terlibat dalam tingkah laku mencederakan diri di Bandar Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Alat kajian soal selidik Self-Hurt Assessment digunakan untuk mengumpul data. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa sebab utama remaja mencederakan diri adalah “untuk merasa rileks” (intrapersonal). Sebanyak 22.5% (162) orang remaja yang menyatakan mereka selalu melakukan perbuatan mencederakan diri kerana ingin merasa rileks. Sebab yang kedua adalah “supaya ibu bapa boleh memahami saya,” (interpersonal) iaitu sebanyak 17.9% (129) orang remaja menyatakan mereka mencederakan diri kerana menginginkan ibu bapa memahami mereka. Manakala sebab mencederakan diri yang ketiga pula ada dua, iaitu “untuk membuat sesuatu semasa bersendirian dan “untuk mencontohi orang yang disanjung tinggi.” Kedua-dua item ini adalah faktor interpersonal, masing-masing terdiri daripada 12.5% dengan jumlah responden seramai 90 orang. Dapatan kajian ini memberi implikasi kepada agensi-agensi yang memberi perkhidmatan kepada remaja. Agensi-agensi ini boleh menyediakan program yang membimbing remaja cara menyalurkan emosi dengan baik kerana remaja hari ini adalah tonggak negara pada masa hadapan.

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THE CHALLENGES AND COPING MECHANISM OF ADOLESCENTS WITH SIBLINGS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES

Zhooriyati binti Sehu Mohamad, Chen Shing Yee

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 1, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-08-20

SAPJ Code : 2030, 4040, 4100

Keywords : Sibling of Developmental Disabilities, Coping Strategies, Sibling Relationships, Family Functioning

Abstract :

Adolescents who have a sibling with developmental disabilities were more likely to have more challenges and unpleasant emotions compared to adolescents who have a sibling without developmental disabilities. Besides, the sibling relationships with developmental disabilities siblings were most likely to be affected negatively due to the deficits in cognitive, language, and social skills. Due to the challenges and unpleasant emotions among adolescents with disability siblings, this study was aimed to identify the coping strategies and sibling relationships of the adolescents with developmental disabilities siblings in Malaysia. Besides, this study also aimed to evaluate the perceptions of the adolescents who have a sibling with developmental disabilities in the family functioning. This study was conducted using qualitative research with phenomenological design on 10 participants. The participants were recruited through purposive sampling methods and data were obtained by conducting semi-structure interviews. Based on the result, the most common coping strategies used by the adolescents who have a brother or sister with developmental disabilities were emotional-focused coping strategies. Half of the adolescents reported positive sibling relationships with their brother or sister with developmental disabilities, another half of the adolescents were not. Besides, most of the adolescents perceived poorer communication, problem-solving, decision making, and less satisfaction of leisure time in the family. Therefore, parental training or counselling should be provided to the family who have a child with developmental disabilities to help the family, included the adolescents to have better coping strategies and sibling relationships to overcome the difficulties.

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RESILIENCE: DOES FATHER’S ATTACHMENT MATTERS?

Melani Aprianti, Elsa Juliana

Volume : Vol 9 Issue 1, 2021

Publication Date : 2021-08-20

SAPJ Code : 2040, 4170, 5020

Keywords : father's attachment, resilience,college student.

Abstract :

This study aims to determine the effect of father’s attachment on the resilience of psychology faculty students who are working on their final assignments at Mercu Buana University, Jakarta. A total of 102 respondents were students of facuty of Psychology who was taking the final project course. This study uses a quantitative approach, and the technique used for sampling is Non Probability Sampling. Inventory Parents and Peer Attachment (IPPA) by Armsden & Greenberg (2009) was used to measure student's attachment to father and Resilience Quotient (RQ) by Reivich & Shatte (2002) to measure student resilience. Data processing used a simple regression test to see the effect of father attachment on the resilience of students who was doing their final project in the faculty of psychology of Mercu Buana University. This study found a positive and significant influence between father's attachment to student resilience, which means the closer the student to the father, the higher the student's resilience is.

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PEMBENTUKAN MODAL INSAN: HUBUNGAN KONSEP KENDIRI, PERSONALITI, DAN PENCAPAIAN AKADEMIK PELAJAR SEKOLAH MENENGAH

Halimah Maalip, Azizi Yahaya, Koay Ting Yin, Balan Rathakrishnan, Ismail Maakip, Hanun Ahmad, Zaliha Mohammad Ali, Norlaily Ahmad

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Self-Concept, Personality, Academic Achievement

Abstract : The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between the self-concept and personality of students with academic achievement. The sample consist of 270 students from six secondary schools were chosen by using stratified randomly method in Kluang, Johor. The pilot study was done in order to determine the reliability and suitability of the questionnaires. Meanwhile Cronbach Alpha was used to determine the internal consistency of the questionnaires. The reliability value of Cronbach Alpha for the whole set of questionnaires used was 0.8432. The questionnaire for self-concept was modified from Tennesee Self-concept Scale by Fitts & Wareen (1996). Meanwhile the questionnaire for personality was modified from Personality Questionnaire by Eysenck & Eysenck (1975). The descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentages, and mean were used to analyze the dominant dimension in student’s self-concept. Other than that, inferential statistic such as t-test was used to analyze the difference between the self-concept and personality of students according to gender. Meanwhile, Pearson correlations were used at significant level 0.05 to analyze the relationship between self-concept and personality of students with their academic achievement. The research findings showed that the dominant dimension of self-concept was family self-concept. Besides, t-test analysis showed that there was no significance difference between dimension of self- concept and personality of students according to gender. Pearson correlations analysis showed that there was no significance relation between dimension of self- concept and personality with student’s academic achievement. Therefore, suggestions were made to increase the student’s self-concept and the tendency of their positive personality in order to enhance their academic achievement.

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KAUNSELING PENYALAHGUNAAN DADAH: CABARAN KAUNSELOR SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI BAHAGIAN KUCHING, SARAWAK

Mahran Bin Daem, Guan Teik Ee, & Carmella E.Ading

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Challenge, Drug Abuse Counselling, Counsellor, High School

Abstract : This study aims to discover the challenges faced by high school counsellors who are confronted with the increasing number of students involved with drugs. Subsequently, this study investigates the difficulties faced by the counsellors, students' acceptance of counsellors and the barriers faced when conducting the counselling sessions. Qualitative studies have been conducted to answer these questions. Semi-structured interviews will be used to obtain relevant information and the focus of the study involves high school counsellors who have conducted drug abuse counselling sessions at least once and have served in Kuching, Sarawak. Seven participants were involved in this interview and 6 questions were asked namely i) the difficulties faced when conducting the sessions, ii) the implementation procedures iii) students’ reactions iv) barriers from students v) counselling limitations vi) the manner of conducting the drug counselling sessions. The results of the study can help school counsellors to better understand and be prepared to deal with students involved with drug abuse.

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Understanding Mental Health in the Context of the Pagdadala (Wellbeing-Narratives) of Filipino College Students

Rhodius Noguera

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 1050, 2020, 2040

Keywords : Wellbeing,Mental Health,Mental Wellbeing

Abstract : Education plays a vital role in promoting mental health (MH). However, there is a lack of a unified, holistic, and contextualized understanding and application of MH processes in an educational setting. With that gap, the study explores the wellbeing (the pagdadala) of Filipino college students to broaden the traditional understanding and approach of MH in an educational space. To describe and immerse in the narratives of students, the researcher used Decenteceo’s Pagdadala (Life Narrative) Model. The participants’ wellbeing is multi-faceted, mostly about their academic and personal lives. Anchored in empirical studies and fundamental mental health suppositions, the stories of struggles, sentiments, strengths, culture, and lifestyle of Filipino students cover the essential concerns of mental health. Echoing the voice of students, MH, in an educational space, goes beyond the traditional approach. It requires diving into students’ life-realities, developing culture-sensitive and student-centered intervention and measures, and collaboration between MH experts and education stakeholders.

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The Effect of Self-transformation and Spiritual Experience of The Resilience on Muslim Women Who Wear The Burqa in Jakarta

Erna Multahada

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 5100, 2070, 5110

Keywords : resilience, nurses, religiosity, charcter strenghts and hospital

Abstract : Women who have decided to wear the veil in his daily life will be a lot to see conflict, whether the conflict on the women themselves (within people) as well as the conflict between veiled woman with other people or community (between people) is the prejudice that is less good than community or various forms of discrimination against them. The subjects were Muslimah who wear the burqa in Jakarta, with N = 60. Quantitative method based on regression linier analysis. And the Result: R = 0.689 (p<0.05) and the effective contribution (R 2 ) from the self-transformation and spiritual experience to resilience is 41.1%. It’s means there is significant influence the self-transformation and spiritual experience to resilience on women who wear the burqa in Jakarta.

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