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LATARBELAKANG, FAKTOR PENGEKALAN DAN CARA BERFIKIR MAHASISWA LELAKI KECELARUAN IDENTITI GENDER

Puteri Hayati Megat Ahmad, Nurul Hudani Md Nawi

Volume : Vol. 3, 2015

Publication Date : 2015-11-01

SAPJ Code : 2070, 4140, 5070

Keywords : latarbelakang, pengekalan, cara berfikir, kecelaruan

Abstract : Kertas kerja ini bertujuan untuk membincangkan golongan lelaki kecelaruan identiti gender yang sedang menuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi swasta dan awam di Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Kajian ini cuba memahami kenapa golongan ini menongkah norma, adat dan agama melalui penelitian terhadap latarbelakang, perlakuan dan cara berfikir subjek mengenai tingkah laku mereka. Pemahaman latarbelakang subjek dilakukan melalui penelitian aspek-aspek mengenai hubungan dengan ibubapa, koleksi barang kesayangan, tempat yang sering dikunjungi, fokus penampilan diri, hubungan interpersonal, ciri teman istimewa dan pandangan terhadap perkahwinan. Pengekalan perlakuan golongan ini pula difahami melalui faktor penampilan dan faktor masa lampau golongan terbabit. Pandangan subjek terhadap tingkah laku dan terhadap pandangan masyarakat membantu pengkaji memahami cara golongan ini berfikir. Kajian dijalankan dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif melalui temuduga berstruktur. Seramai sembilan subjek lelaki telah dipilih berdasarkan penampilan fizikal subjek dan cara pergaulan mereka. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan kesemua subjek sedar tingkah laku tersebut tidak disukai oleh ibu bapa dan kerana itu mereka menyembunyikan tingkah laku tersebut dari pengetahuan ibubapa. Faktor masa silam dan faktor penampilan telah mengukuhkan tingkah laku kecelaruan golongan ini dan sebahagian besar merasa sangat bahagia dan berpuas hati dengan kehidupan mereka sekarang.

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Big-Five personality traits and its effect on Emotional intelligence among public school personnel in Malaysia

Nurul Hudani Md Nawi, Marof Redzuan, Shazia Iqbal Hashmi, Anuar Din

Volume : Vol. 3, 2015

Publication Date : 2015-02-16

SAPJ Code : 2070, 2040, 2060

Keywords : Emotional intelligence, Personality traits, school leaders

Abstract : The aim of the present study was to examine the effect and contribution of Big Five personality traits towards emotional intelligence among high performance public school personnel carrying their role as school leaders. Sample of the study was comprised of 306 (Male =132; Female =174) public school personnel as leaders in their respective environments, such as principal, senior administrative assistant, senior assistant student affairs (HEM), senior assistant curriculum, the heads of the four departments set by the Ministry of Education i.e. Heads of Humanities and Religion, Science and Math, English, and Engineering & vocational as well as members of general committee from High Performance Schools (SBT) in Malaysia. Emotional Competence Inventory (ECI) and The Revised NEO Personality Inventory were used to measure EI and personality traits accordingly. Regression analysis showed that personality traits was becomes a significant predictors and contributing significantly in order explain emotional intelligence i.e. Conscientiousness (R² = .305, F= 133.528, P<0.05), Extraversion (R² = .357, F= 84.295, P<0.05), Agreeableness (R² = .414, F= 71.151, P<0.05), and Openness to experiences (R² = .428, F= 56.196, P<0.05). The finding revealed that all four personality traits emerged as significant predictors of emotional intelligence. The finding also revealed that Conscientiousness emerged as best predictor of emotional intelligence. However, different traits play differential roles in predicting the emotional intelligence. Keeping in view the implications of personality traits towards EI among school personnel as leaders, finding of the present research can help to improve overall organizational behaviour and productivity resulting in optimum service delivery to the stakeholders within educational system in Malaysia.

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WORK ENVIRONMENT PROBLEMS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL HEALTH PROBLEMS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH JOB SATISFACTION

Azahar Che Latiff(azahar@ums.edu.my), Najib Ahmad Marzuki (najib@uum.edu.my),Norlizah Matshah (norlizah@ums.edu.my)

Volume : Vol. 2, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-12-07

SAPJ Code : 2060, 2050, 4090

Keywords : Keywords : work environment problems, psychological health problems, job satisfaction, paramedics in public hospital

Abstract : The objective of this study is to identify the relationship between work environment problems and psychological health problems with job satisfaction among Paramedics in a public hospital. Work environment problems can be categorized in two categories namely social-psychological relationship problems and work coping problems. On the other hand, psychological health problems can be categorized in two categories namely health and physical problems, and psychological problems. This study had involved 226 Paramedics from a public hospital as respondents using stratified random sampling based on work locations. Mooney Problem Checklist Adult Form and Job Satisfaction Survey by Specter (1994) were used for these purposes. The results of the study indicated that work environment problems, psychological health problems and jobs satisfaction among Paramedics are mutually related. The finding also proved that work environment problems and psychological health problems suffered by Paramedics employees did influence their level of job satisfaction.

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Contributing Factors to Children’s Critical Thinking Ability: The Perception of Pre-Service Teachers from A Private University in Malaysia

Wirawani binti Kamarulzaman, Dr. Ismail Sheikh bin Ahmad

Volume : Vol. 2, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-11-25

SAPJ Code : 2040, 4110, 4040

Keywords : Children,critical thinking ability,pre-service teachers,qualitative method

Abstract :

The purpose of the study is to explore the perceptions of pre-service teachers on the factors that contribute to critical thinking ability of children. In-depth interviews were done to two pre-service teachers who are currently studying at a private university. Findings show that knowledge and experiences of children dealing with peers and adults contribute the most to the critical thinking ability. Environment and exploration also help children to build the skill

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Coping strategies, perceptions of the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs and intention to relapse among former methamphetamine addicts.

Norlizah Binti Matshah, Murnizam Halik, Patricia Joseph Kimong, Norzihan Ayub, Sharon Kwan Sam Mee, Peter Voo Su Kiong

Volume : Vol. 2, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-11-25

SAPJ Code : 4020, 4180, 5090

Keywords : Coping, Rehabilitation, Relapse

Abstract : This study aims to explore issues on coping strategies, perceptions of the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs and the process of their intention to relapse among former Methamphetamine addicts. A total of 59 respondents were selected using purposive sampling which made up of former addicts who are undergoing surveillance program in Sandakan and Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. The results found that, several strategies employed by former addicts in their coping style have shown possibility of relapse. The study also found that respondents were quite positive with the activities organised by Malaysia National Anti-Drug Agency (AADK). This indirectly has become a form of treatment and therapy among the former addicts. The conclusion could be explained based on Transtheoretical Model of Change by Prochaska et. al(1992).

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Review of the Job Demand-Control and Job Demand-Control-Support models: Elusive moderating predictor effects and cultural implications

R. Zirwatul Aida R . Ibrahim, Keis Ohtsuka

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2014-11-24

SAPJ Code : 1010, 4130, 0

Keywords :

Abstract : The Job Demand-Control (JDC) and Job Demand-Control-Support (JDCS) models are among the most widely used theoretical frameworks that relate the characteristics of a job to health and wellbeing. The purpose of this paper is to review studies on these models, which are well recognised job stress theories in western cultural settings. Generally, the review finds that psychosocial work environment variables of high job demands, low job control and low social support are consistently associated with workers’ high strain or low wellbeing. However, two-way and three-way interactive predictors reveal contradictory findings and moderating hypotheses receive modest support from the literature. The review provides insights into the need for further investigation of these models in different cultural settings, such as the collectivist culture of Malaysia, to further understanding of the cross-cultural applications of JDC and JDCS models.

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The Desire to Be With Others: Exploring Social Rejection and Gender

Jame Bryan L. Batara(jblbatara@usc.edu.ph)

Volume : Vol. 2, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-11-24

SAPJ Code : 2070, 2070, 2070

Keywords : Rejection, Social Monitoring System (SMS), Need to Belong

Abstract : Social relationships are a big part of human life and threats to such relationships have vast implications. This study tested the contention of social monitoring system (SMS) suggesting that socially rejected individuals experience higher need to belong. A 2 (men/women) by 2 (acceptance/rejection) experimental design was conducted to explore gender’s role in the need to belong after a rejection experience. Participants (N = 68) wrote rejection or acceptance stories and responded to a Need to Belong Scale (Leary, Kelly, Cottrell, & Schreindorfer, 2005, as cited in Leary, Kelly, Cottrell, & Schreindorfer, 2013). Two-Way ANOVA results showed that felt rejection elicited heightened need to belong especially among women (F(3, 64) = 5.78, p = .019, partial eta = .083). This provides evidence in the SMS literature pointing to the role of gender in the need to belong of rejected individuals. Implications and limitations of the study were further discussed.

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Effects of Fast-Food Branding on Children’s Taste Preferences

Lai Siew Tim,Zuhrah Beevi (zuhrah_ahmad@imu.edu.my),Reiko Yeap (reiko.yeap@gmail.com)

Volume : Vol. 2, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-11-24

SAPJ Code : 2050, 4040, 4060

Keywords : childhood obesity,taste preferences,brand recognition

Abstract :

Health authorities and public communities stated that fast-food marketing is the most recognized potent force for contribution to childhood obesity. Much research has focused on the influence of television commercials on children’s eating behaviours, thus this study explored the effect of fast-food branding on children’s taste preferences. Sixty preschool children between three and six years old (M = 4.6, SD = 1.2) were grouped into Non-obese, Obese and overweight, according to their BMI values based on WHO classification. The study was divided into two stages. The initial stage comprised of a survey distributed to parents collecting information on family’s fast-food consumption habits. The second stage was an experiment designed to determine the effects of food packaging. Participants tasted three pairs of identical foods (burgers, nuggets and carrots) presented in either popular fast-food brand or neutral unbranded packaging before indicating whether the two tasted the same, or if one tasted better. Results reviewed that 63.3% of the participants preferred food presented in popular brand packaging. Furthermore, no differences were found between the groups across three food products [?² (2, n= 60), p>.05]. Findings imply that advocates should use this information to brand more nutritious products that is more appealing to children.

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Fears in Singaporean children: Identification of and comparison of fear dimensions between Singaporean, Australian, and American children

Robert Tack kwei Ho,Christy Lee-O’Loughlin

Volume : Vol. 2, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-07-21

SAPJ Code : 4040, 4120, 2030

Keywords : Fear; Emotion; Cultural influences; Fear intensity

Abstract :

This study was designed to investiagate the normal fears experienced by Singaporean children and to compare these fears with those reported by Australian and American children. A total of 1,234 Singaporean children aged 7 to 12 years filled in the Fear Survey Schedule for Children-Revised questionnaire. The study's findings revealed that the top common fears reported by Singaporean children relate to fears that concern death and danger. Factor analysis yielded a 10 factor structure that relates primarily to the fears of danger and death, and fears related to negative social consequences. Compared to children in Australia and America, the findings from this study suggest higher fear sensitivity among Singaporean children towards ordinary day-to-day events. The implications of the study's findings for understanding fears in Singaporean children are discussed.

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How useful is the Rehearsal Scale for Children – Chinese in measuring emotional rehearsal in pre-adolescents of different ages?

Fiona C.M. Ling, Alison M. McManus, Rich S.W. Masters, Remco C.J. Polman

Volume : Vol. 2, 2014

Publication Date : 2014-07-21

SAPJ Code : 2030, 2050, 3060

Keywords : coping,anxiety,children,confirmatory factor analysis,structural equation modeling

Abstract :

 

The Rehearsal Scale for Children – Chinese (RSC-C) measures the propensity to rehearse emotionally taxing experiences in children, however, the initial development of the scale has overlooked the validity of the scale for pre-adolescents of different ages whose cognitive development may differ considerably. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the internal validity of RSC-C for the different age groups (aged 6-7, 8-9 and 10-12) across an age range of 6 to12 years. Confirmatory factor analysis based on the original factor structure suggested that the internal validity of the RSC-C is poor and the scale was modified for the age groups concerned. Test-retest reliability for the modified scales was stronger for the younger age groups and moderate concurrent validity against the Chinese Trait Anxiety Scale for Children (CTAS-C) was established. No gender differences were found. The results highlight the importance of testing the validity of a psychometric instrument across different age ranges, given the potential for significant developmental differences.  The current study also provided a new set of psychometrically sound RSC-C for the different age groups to promote greater understanding of the role of emotional rehearsal and psychological stress in physical and psychological well-being in young children.

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