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SELF DISTANCING EFFECT IN WRITING NEGATIVE EVENTS REMEMBERING OR WRITING? IMPLICATIONS OF SELF-DISTANCING IN THE REFLECTION OF NEGATIVE EVENTS

Setiawati Intan Savitri, Bagus Takwin , Amarina Ashar Ariyanto

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : -0001-11-30

SAPJ Code : 1030, 3020, 2020

Keywords : Remembering, writing, self-distance, adaptive self-reflection

Abstract : Although many studies indicate that self-distancing facilitates adaptive self-reflection, it is necessary to examine the variables in the adaptive self- reflection process further to determine whether it will produce the same profile when the self-reflection is done through writing. As such, this study aims to examine a) whether the induction to remember from an actor's perspective and from an observer’s perspective has the same implications as the induction to write using the first-person pronouns and using own-name in facilitating adaptive self- reflection, and b) whether adaptive self-reflection through writing has the same profile as adaptive self-reflection through remembering (thinking). Two quasi- experimental studies (N=428) conducted in this research found that self- distancing was the only variable that differed significantly when we induced the actor's perspective and the observer's perspective (study 1), but the variables of self-distancing, emotional reactivity, and reconstruing differed significantly when self-reflection was conducted through writing manipulation using the first-person pronouns and using own-name. It was also found that adaptive self-reflection through writing (study 2) had a stronger correlation in the negative direction between self-distancing and emotional reactivity, recounting, avoidance, and in the positive direction with the variables of reconstruing, memory age, and perceived resolution, which meant that writing about negative experiences better facilitates adaptive self-reflection than just remembering. We also analyzed the intervening variables to see the direct or indirect relationship between key variables.

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The Effect of Self-transformation and Spiritual Experience of The Resilience on Muslim Women Who Wear The Burqa in Jakarta

Erna Multahada

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 5100, 2070, 5110

Keywords : resilience, nurses, religiosity, charcter strenghts and hospital

Abstract : Women who have decided to wear the veil in his daily life will be a lot to see conflict, whether the conflict on the women themselves (within people) as well as the conflict between veiled woman with other people or community (between people) is the prejudice that is less good than community or various forms of discrimination against them. The subjects were Muslimah who wear the burqa in Jakarta, with N = 60. Quantitative method based on regression linier analysis. And the Result: R = 0.689 (p<0.05) and the effective contribution (R 2 ) from the self-transformation and spiritual experience to resilience is 41.1%. It’s means there is significant influence the self-transformation and spiritual experience to resilience on women who wear the burqa in Jakarta.

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Understanding Mental Health in the Context of the Pagdadala (Wellbeing-Narratives) of Filipino College Students

Rhodius Noguera

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 1050, 2020, 2040

Keywords : Wellbeing,Mental Health,Mental Wellbeing

Abstract : Education plays a vital role in promoting mental health (MH). However, there is a lack of a unified, holistic, and contextualized understanding and application of MH processes in an educational setting. With that gap, the study explores the wellbeing (the pagdadala) of Filipino college students to broaden the traditional understanding and approach of MH in an educational space. To describe and immerse in the narratives of students, the researcher used Decenteceo’s Pagdadala (Life Narrative) Model. The participants’ wellbeing is multi-faceted, mostly about their academic and personal lives. Anchored in empirical studies and fundamental mental health suppositions, the stories of struggles, sentiments, strengths, culture, and lifestyle of Filipino students cover the essential concerns of mental health. Echoing the voice of students, MH, in an educational space, goes beyond the traditional approach. It requires diving into students’ life-realities, developing culture-sensitive and student-centered intervention and measures, and collaboration between MH experts and education stakeholders.

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EXPLORING WORKPLACE BULLYING IN MALAYSIA: RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY ANALYSIS OF THE MALAYSIAN VERSION OF THE NEGATIVE ACTS QUESTIONNAIRE REVISED (NAQ-R)

Shariffah Sheik Dawood

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Workplace Bullying, NAQ-R,Properties, Cross-Cultural Malaysia, Psychometric

Abstract : This is a preliminary study exploring the nature of bullying in the Malaysia workplace. Additionally, it analyses the psychometric properties of the Malaysian translation of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R). The sample comprised of 252 (response rate: 50.4%) employees from private and public sectors. Exploratory factor analysis indicated three components explaining 67.5% of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed the fit indices for the modified version of Model 4, derived from the current study, showing a slightly improved model fit; 2.6, 0.87, 0.84, 0.94 and 0.08 for ?2 /DF, GFI, AGFI, CFI and RMSEA. Reliability analysis showed excellent internal consistency of the scale (Cronbach’s alpha=0.96). There were significant correlations between the NAQ-R with organizational and health measures. Twenty-one percent of employees were classified as targets of workplace bullying, which was above the international prevalence (8-15%). The importance of job level and the type of contract in the bullying process were emphasized

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FACTORS DETERMINING SHOE-BRAND SWITCHING INTENTION AMONG E-BUSINESS CUSTOMERS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN CURRENT AND POTENTIAL CUSTOMERS

Fajar Kasyifil Aziz & Amy Mardhatillah

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Switching Behavior, Push Pull Mooring Models, & Online Customer

Abstract : This study aims to determine intention to switch with Push-Pull- Mooring Models (PPM) on users and potential buyers of converse shoes among college students, who bought the product through e-business. The research sample consists of 131 users of converse brand, and 100 non-users of Converse shoes, but willing to try Converse shoes. The design of this research is quantitative. Comparative analysis between users and potentials buyers of Converse shoes found that, service quality as push factor (negative factors from the current product) is the highest mean score to be considered by current as well as potential users. With regard to the mooring factors (psychological and environmental factors), involuntary choice is an important factor to be considered by potential buyers and switching cost for the current customers. Results in the present study address that, psychological and environmental factors are the important factors that lead to switching intention among buyers and potential users of Converse shoes. In addition, mooring factor shows more significant correlation with push factors than the pull factors, for both current and potentials customers. Implication for the present study is that, to avoid switching behavior among current users, Converse management need to ensure that the mooring factors and push factors does not successfully encourage current users migrating to another brand. To encourage switching behavior among the future buyer, converse management need to create diverse opportunity for the involuntary choice programs.

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LEARNING AGILITY AND LEADERSHIP SKILLS AMONG MOTORCYCLE TIRE COMPANY X EMPLOYEES IN INDONESIA

Rochman Maulana Sodikin, Irma Himmatul Aliyyah, & Raden Ahmad Idham

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Learning Agility, Leadership Skills, & Employee

Abstract : The objectives of this study were to examine the relationship between learning agility and leadership skills among motorcycle tire company X employees in Indonesia. There were 149 respondents with a minimum position is Team Leader selected through purposive sampling. The instruments of this research consist of 34 items for learning agility (De Meuse, 2015) with ? = .868 and 16 items for leadership skills (Katz, 1955) with ? = .796. Data analysis uses descriptive statistics and inference analysis. The result showed a positive and significant relationship between learning agility and leadership skills (r = .619, p < .05). It means that the higher the learning agility an employee has, the higher his leadership skills. On the other hand, there is a positive and significant relationship between self-insight and leadership skills (r = .577, p < .05), as well as interpersonal acumen and human skill (r = .541, p < .05).

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KAUNSELING PENYALAHGUNAAN DADAH: CABARAN KAUNSELOR SEKOLAH MENENGAH DI BAHAGIAN KUCHING, SARAWAK

Mahran Bin Daem, Guan Teik Ee, & Carmella E.Ading

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Challenge, Drug Abuse Counselling, Counsellor, High School

Abstract : This study aims to discover the challenges faced by high school counsellors who are confronted with the increasing number of students involved with drugs. Subsequently, this study investigates the difficulties faced by the counsellors, students' acceptance of counsellors and the barriers faced when conducting the counselling sessions. Qualitative studies have been conducted to answer these questions. Semi-structured interviews will be used to obtain relevant information and the focus of the study involves high school counsellors who have conducted drug abuse counselling sessions at least once and have served in Kuching, Sarawak. Seven participants were involved in this interview and 6 questions were asked namely i) the difficulties faced when conducting the sessions, ii) the implementation procedures iii) students’ reactions iv) barriers from students v) counselling limitations vi) the manner of conducting the drug counselling sessions. The results of the study can help school counsellors to better understand and be prepared to deal with students involved with drug abuse.

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PEMBENTUKAN MODAL INSAN: HUBUNGAN KONSEP KENDIRI, PERSONALITI, DAN PENCAPAIAN AKADEMIK PELAJAR SEKOLAH MENENGAH

Halimah Maalip, Azizi Yahaya, Koay Ting Yin, Balan Rathakrishnan, Ismail Maakip, Hanun Ahmad, Zaliha Mohammad Ali, Norlaily Ahmad

Volume : Vol 8 Issue 2, 2020

Publication Date : 2020-10-25

SAPJ Code : 0, 0, 0

Keywords : Self-Concept, Personality, Academic Achievement

Abstract : The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between the self-concept and personality of students with academic achievement. The sample consist of 270 students from six secondary schools were chosen by using stratified randomly method in Kluang, Johor. The pilot study was done in order to determine the reliability and suitability of the questionnaires. Meanwhile Cronbach Alpha was used to determine the internal consistency of the questionnaires. The reliability value of Cronbach Alpha for the whole set of questionnaires used was 0.8432. The questionnaire for self-concept was modified from Tennesee Self-concept Scale by Fitts & Wareen (1996). Meanwhile the questionnaire for personality was modified from Personality Questionnaire by Eysenck & Eysenck (1975). The descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentages, and mean were used to analyze the dominant dimension in student’s self-concept. Other than that, inferential statistic such as t-test was used to analyze the difference between the self-concept and personality of students according to gender. Meanwhile, Pearson correlations were used at significant level 0.05 to analyze the relationship between self-concept and personality of students with their academic achievement. The research findings showed that the dominant dimension of self-concept was family self-concept. Besides, t-test analysis showed that there was no significance difference between dimension of self- concept and personality of students according to gender. Pearson correlations analysis showed that there was no significance relation between dimension of self- concept and personality with student’s academic achievement. Therefore, suggestions were made to increase the student’s self-concept and the tendency of their positive personality in order to enhance their academic achievement.

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