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Transfer effects and permeable boundaries: An empirical study of the effects of commuting stress on employees’ work and life

Noor Diana Mohd Mahudin

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2012-12-31

SAPJ Code : 4090, 0, 0

Keywords : Commuting stress,Work-life domains,Travel behaviour

Abstract : The impact of commuting stress has been addressed by only a few studies, most of which have been conducted in developed countries. Far less research has looked at the subjective, psychological effects of commuting on employees’ wellbeing within the Malaysian context. This paper describes a study which investigates the effects of commuting stress on commuters’ individual life and work domains. Data were collected from 660 commuters through a questionnaire survey and explored using correlation and regression analysis. The results show that longer commutes are significantly associated with a greater increase in commuting stress. They also reveal that the strain of commuting affects commuters’ reports of somatic symptoms of ill health and commute displeasure. In addition, commuting stress is found to affect commuters’ intention to quit their job but not in terms of their job or life satisfaction. Drawing on these results, theoretical and research implications that would lend support for future commuting stress research, particularly in Malaysia, are suggested.

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Review of the Job Demand-Control and Job Demand-Control-Support models: Elusive moderating predictor effects and cultural implications

R. Zirwatul Aida R . Ibrahim, Keis Ohtsuka

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2014-11-24

SAPJ Code : 1010, 4130, 0

Keywords :

Abstract : The Job Demand-Control (JDC) and Job Demand-Control-Support (JDCS) models are among the most widely used theoretical frameworks that relate the characteristics of a job to health and wellbeing. The purpose of this paper is to review studies on these models, which are well recognised job stress theories in western cultural settings. Generally, the review finds that psychosocial work environment variables of high job demands, low job control and low social support are consistently associated with workers’ high strain or low wellbeing. However, two-way and three-way interactive predictors reveal contradictory findings and moderating hypotheses receive modest support from the literature. The review provides insights into the need for further investigation of these models in different cultural settings, such as the collectivist culture of Malaysia, to further understanding of the cross-cultural applications of JDC and JDCS models.

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Attribution of poverty among Malaysian students in the United Kingdom

Murnizam Halik,Mohd Dahlan A. Malek, Ferlis Bahari, Norlizah Matshah, Paul Webley

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2012-12-31

SAPJ Code : 1010, 2070, 0

Keywords : Malaysian students,Causal Attribution,Psychology of poverty

Abstract : This study investigates Malaysian students’ attribution of poverty and attitudes towards the poor in rural Malaysia. A combined total of 124 Malaysian students in the United Kingdom participated in this web-based survey. Factor analysis results reproduce the tripartite (individualistic, structural and fatalistic) structure for attribution of poverty. The results suggest that there is a statistically significant main effect for gender (F3,120=4.48, p=.005) wherein females have a higher attribution for poverty. On attitudes towards the poor, it was found that with upward social mobility, respondents have a more positive attitude towards the poor. It was recommended that further study should focus on how the poor attribute poverty

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Stress and coping skills among university students: A preliminary research on ethnicity

Lailawati Bte Madlan, Ferlis Bahari, Farhana Ardillah

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2012-12-31

SAPJ Code : 2070, 5040, 0

Keywords : coping skills,ethnicity

Abstract : The objective of this research is to evaluate stress level and identify coping skills among students of Universiti Malaysia Sabah according to their ethnicity. A total of 252 subjects were involved in this research which comprised 124 females and 129 males. This study used the survey method by administering Mental Health Index (MHI) and Adolescent Coping Scale questionnaires to measure mental health and coping skill among students. The result from this research shows that ethnic Chinese had higher stress level as compared to students of other ethnic groups. Analysis on mean scores of Coping Scale show that students who were Sarawak Natives had higher mean scores compared to other ethnic groups.

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Behaviour Problems among special children in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah: Some preliminary findings

Mohd. Sharani Ahmad,Suwaibah Zakaria

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2012-12-31

SAPJ Code : 4040, 4100, 0

Keywords : Behavior problems,Special children

Abstract : This paper reports on a pilot study which investigated the behavior problems among special children in Sabah. Questionnaires and interviews methods were used as the method to collect the relevant data. A total of 292 respondents in this study were taken from primary and secondary schools in Kota Kinabalu. They were comprised of primary and secondary special education teachers (N=82), primary and secondary school counselors (N=45), and primary and secondary school children (N=165). The results show that, there were 12 problems found among special children. The results indicated that, special education teachers ranked the problems such as more severe, disobedience, impertinence, tattling, and overcritical. What so ever, counselors noted the problems as more severe dishonesty, depression, hyperactivity, easily discouraged, enuresis, shyness, dependency, and dreaminess. The correlation between special education teachers and counselors rankings was significant at (p < 0.05), which indicated a similar point of view regarding the school children problems. The study also suggested several approaches in dealing with the special children behavior problems.

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Religion and gender differences in stress, happiness and life satisfaction

Carmella E. Ading, Chua Bee Seok, Shazia Iqbal Hashmi, Ismail Maakip

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2012-12-31

SAPJ Code : 2050, 5110, 0

Keywords : happiness,spiritual involvement,life satisfaction

Abstract : Although the positive association between religiosity and gender differences in stress, happiness and life satisfaction is well documented, much theoretical and empirical controversy surround the question of how religion and gender actually shape life satisfaction and effect stress and happiness. This study aims to look at religion and gender differences in stress, happiness and life satisfaction among the university students and also examined the effects of spiritual involvement and happiness on life satisfaction. One hundred and seventy eight (178) students from a public University in Malaysia participated in the study. Adapted version of Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale (Hatch et. Al., 1998), The Satisfaction with Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) and The Oxford Happiness Inventory (Argyle, 2001) were used to collect data. t test was use to measure the differences in stress, spiritual involvement, happiness, and life satisfaction between the male and the female students, and it was found that, there were no significant differences between male and female students in terms of stress, spiritual involvement and life satisfaction but only happiness(t = 2.59, p < .05). One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was use to measure the differences in stress, spiritual involvement, happiness, and life satisfaction by the students’ religious affiliation. Regression analysis was used to examine the effect of stress, spiritual involvement and happiness on life satisfaction. The regression results showed that 30% of the variance in life satisfaction can be explained by the variable of stress, spiritual involvement and happiness. Findings of the present study can help students applying religion as a coping strategy against stress thus enhancing their life satisfaction and happiness.

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The effect of emotional intelligence and job stress on mental health problems: a study among nurses

Chua Bee Seok, Shazia Iqbal Hashmi, Tan Cho Chiew

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2012-12-31

SAPJ Code : 2050, 2060, 0

Keywords : emotional intelligence,job stress,mental health problem, nurses.

Abstract : The study attempted to examine the effect of emotional intelligence as a moderator of the job stress and mental health problem relationship. Data were collected from 677 nurses (361 trainees and 316 trained nurses) from three general hospitals in Malaysia. The Job Stress Survey (JSS) was adapted to assess generic sources of occupational stress. The Emotional Competence Inventory (ECI) was adapted to assess level of emotional competence and a scale of Occupational Stress Indicator (OSI) was adopted to investigate mental health problems among nurses. The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of sources of stress and emotional competency on mental health problem. We also evaluated whether nurses who were skilful at regulating their own and others’ emotions would be able to protect themselves from the adverse effects of stress and reporting less mental health problem than those low in emotional intelligence.

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Factors predicting recycling behaviour among Malaysian

Jasmine Adela Mutang, Sharifah Azizah Haron

Volume : Vol. 1, 2012

Publication Date : 2012-12-31

SAPJ Code : 4050, 4060, 0

Keywords : recycling behaviour, recycling attitude,values towards the environment

Abstract : Malaysia is facing a crisis in solid waste management due to rapid urbanization and high concentration of population. Sadly, public participation in recycling is still very low despite rigorous campaigns conducted by the government. Only a small amount of solid waste generated in Malaysia is recycled – far below the rate of 15 to 40 percent in developed countries. This study examines the recycling behaviour among urban households within the Klang Valley area. Specifically, the purpose of the study is to determine factors that increase the probability of recycling behaviour among households. Data analysis technique used consisted of bivariate analysis and logistic regression. The results of logistics regression testing for socio-demographic and psychological characteristics show partial significance at a probability level of .050. The result of Hosmer and Lamershow Goodness-of-fit shows total significance at .050. The logistic model that utilizes study data drawn from the 342 samples and the results of the Binomial Logistic Regression indicate that recycling increased among respondents who are married, possess higher education levels have positive values towards the environment and positive attitudes towards recycling. Interestingly, gender, different types of employment status, types of accommodation, house ownership, and knowledge of recycling were not reliable predictors of recycling behaviour. The findings of the study could be used for designing recycling schemes although it is clear that a one-size-fits-all approach is not acceptable.

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