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Journal Title
TEKANAN AKADEMIK DAN KAWALAN DIRI TERHADAP TAHAP KESEJAHTERAAN PSIKOLOGI DALAM KALANGAN PELAJAR UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH SEMASA PANDEMIK COVID-19
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Abstract
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that struck countries around the world including Malaysia had adversely impacted various sectors. The education sector was one of the sectors that was severely affected as a result of the closure of schools and universities that had to be enacted. The closure had put interruptions on the routines of students as they were required to adapt to online learning sessions. This circumstance caused students to face several challenges such as increased academic stress, which consequently resulted in decreased levels of self-control and psychological well-being. Thus, this research was conducted to identify the influence of academic stress and self-control on the psychological well-being of University Malaysia Sabah (UMS) students in Kota Kinabalu campus. This research had been carried out to 320 UMS students using a set of questionnaires. The data collected was analyzed by Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26. The study found no significant differences between academic stress levels, self-control and psychological well-being of UMS students by gender. In addition, regression (stepwise) statistics show academic stress is a direct predictor of the psychological well-being of UMS students during COVID-19, with a value of F (1,118) = 7.052, Sig = 0.009 <0.05. Based on Beta values, the findings showed (beta = -0.18, t = -2.65, Sig = 0.001 and R² = 0.056). Results showed academic stress contributed 5.6 percent to the psychological well-being of UMS students during the COVID-19 pandemic. It can be concluded that COVID-19 pandemic had pernicious influences on psychological well-being of UMS students. Therefore, future researchers are encouraged to conduct studies related to the factors influencing psychological well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. Semenjak Pandemik Koronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) melanda antara satu sektor yang terjejas teruk ialah Sektor Pendidikan yang impaknya ialah penutupan sekolah dan kehendak mengikuti sesi pengajaran dan pembelajaran secara dalam talian. Pelbagai cabaran seperti peningkatan tekanan akademik yang menyebabkan penurunan tahap kawalan diri dan kesejahteraan psikologi. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti ada perbezaan yang signifikan antara tahap tekanan akademik, kawalan kendiri dan kesejahteraan psikologi pelajar UMS mengikut jantina semasa pandemik COVID-19. Kedua, kajian bertujuan mengenal pasti pengaruh tekanan akademik dan kawalan kendiri terhadap kesejahteraan psikologi pelajar Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS) di kampus Kota Kinabalu. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kuantitatif di mana 320 pelajar UMS terlibat dalam kajian ini melalui edaran soal selidik dan telah dianalisis menggunakan Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (SPSS) versi 26. Kajian ini mendapati tidak ada perbezaan yang signifikan antara tahap tekanan akademik, kawalan kendiri dan kesejahteraan psikologi pelajar UMS mengikut jantina. Di samping itu juga, statistik regrasi berganda menunjukkan tekanan akademik adalah peramal langsung kesejahteraan psikologi pelajar UMS semasa COVID-19, dengan nilai F (1,118) = 7.052, Sig = 0.009 <0.05. Berdasarkan nilai Beta, dapatan kajian menunjukkan (beta = -0.18, t = -2.65, Sig = 0.001 dan R² = 0.056). Hasil menunjukkan tekanan akademik menyumbang 5.6 peratus kepada kesejahteraan psikologi pelajar UMS semasa pandemik COVID-19. Kesimpulannya, tekanan akademik daripada aspek tugas beban kerja yang diberikan semasa sesi pengajaran dan pembelajaran dalam talian dan tahap kesejahteraan psikologi yang rendah. Sebagai cadangan, penyelidik masa depan digalakkan untuk menjalankan kajian yang berkaitan dengan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kesejahteraan psikologi semasa pandemik COVID-19.
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Lecturer. Nordin Bin Ajmain
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